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Kinns Chapter 33 Principles of Pharamcology
Terms in this set (105)
a spasm like pain in the chest caused by myocardial anoxia
a drug that relaxes contractions of the smooth muscle of the bronchioles improving lung ventilation.
a chronic, degenerative disease of the liver that interferes w/ normal liver function.
elevated blood levels of cholesterol
a condition characterized by significant loss of acid in the body or an increased amount of bicarbonate, severe metabolic alkalosis.
a chemical substance that kills sperm cells
the blood concentration of a drug that produces the desired effect w/o toxicity.
The drug is effective w/o causing an unacceptable degree of harm to the user.
Controlled substance act
A drug or other substance that has potential for illegal use and abuse.
physical drug dependency
A person's addiction to use a substance continuously, so the body can function and to prevent physical discomfort.
a mild form of psychological dependency, like caffeine.
Represents the drugs exact name and formula
given name of compound by the pharmaceutical co. Copyright protected 17 yrs.
US Parmacopieal The official source of drug standards for US
drug affecting specific or multiple systems.
Directions for the pharmacist. size of dose, amount to be dispensed.
main part of the prescription, name of drug, dose, form and strength.
directions for the patient. ie tid, ac, bid
Pt. name address, date, rx symbol
recipe or take in latin
Action of drug that decreases the intensity or shortens the duration of action of another drug.
One drug increases the intensity or prolongs the action of another drug.
form of synergism, two drugs have different actions, but one increases the effect of the other drug
situated or administered under the tonge
Also called intraspinal. injected into spinal column
Effects of some drugs on the body systems due to the time of day or time of light
Drugs used to treat and cure a disorder. ie antibiotics cure bacterial infections.
Drugs that don't cure a disorder but relieve pain or symptoms to the condition ie antihistamine for allergic symptoms
Drugs that prevent the occurrence of a condition; ie vaccines prevent the occurrence of specific infectious diseases.
Drugs that help determine the cause of a particular health problem. ie injection of antigen serum for allergy testing.
Drugs that provide substances the body needs to maintain health. ie estrogen replacement therapy for menopausal women or insulin to pts. w/ diabetes.
medications sold w/o prescription
drugs that are not protected by trademark
pertaining to a gluelike substance
Denoting any medication route other than the GI route
space within a vessel or tube
Drug formulation in which tablets are coated w/ a special compound that doesn't dissolve til the table is exposed to fluids in small intestine.
Blocks nerve impulses to the brain resulting in unconsciousness; dilates pupils, lowers BP, reduces R & P rates.
treats bacterial invasions and infections
treat depression, elevates mood
Treats allergic symptoms, reactions
reduce, control BP
Steroid or NSAID Reduces inflammation, swelling, pain
Naturally occurring hormone in the body.
Non Steriodial Anti Inflammatory Drug
Lowers BP, relieves fluid retention by inhibiting re absorption of sodium and chloride in kidneys
sedative, causes sleep, lessens activity of brain
Manage high cholesterol, reduces blood cholesterol levers or increases high density lippoprotein.
Herbal and Altnatives Therapies
Alternative therapies, or holistic medicine. Need to know pt. is taking them because potential drug-herb interaction
Manages diabetes mellitis type 2, ie, Actos, Avandia
cough suppressant. relieves cough
relaxes and dilates the blood vessels
The chemical name represent the drugs exact formula
The generic drug name is assigned by the manufacturer.
brand names are capitalized
A prescription is an order written by the physician for the compounding or dispensing and administration of drugs to a particular patient.
Six factors that affect a drug's action
weight, age, gender, diurnal rhythms, pathological factors, psychological factors.
relieves upper respiratory tract congestion by liquifying secretions
The amount must be written out (ten rather than 100 and in small quantities for controlled substances.
Drugs in schedules I, II must include this label when dispensed. Federal law prohibits transfer of this drug to any person other than the pt. for whom it is prescribed.
No accepted medical use. Possession is illegal
Accepted for medical use. Potential for abuse less than I or II
May cause limited physical psychological dependence, cough med. containing codeine.
to reduce the number of medications errors caused by incorrect use of medical terminology.
treats asthma, bronchitis, tinnitus
A prescription doesn't have to be signed by a physician to be legal.
Depresses the CNS and causes insensibility or stupor
excessive waves of involuntary contractions passing along the wall of a hollow GI tract.
Controls nausea and vomiting, acts on hypothalamus center in the brain
Parasympathetic blocking agent, reduces spasm in smooth muscle.
Constricts blood vessels, narrows the lumen of a vessel
study of the movement of drugs throughout the body
What actions occur when a drug is taken
absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion
OTC drugs may interfere or interact with prescription drugs
a single drug may have only two names
pt.s may misuse or abuse prescription, OTC, and illegal drugs.
the body develops a psychological dependency on a medications, but is not affected by physiological change.
CSA divides controlled substances in to 5 sections according to dug addictive abilities and potential for abuse.
administration of drugs by injection
Topical & mucous membrane absorption
local or systemic effects, suppositories, nasal sprays, transdermal patches, inhalants
rate of absorption depends on route of administration
metabolism in liver requires lower oral dose
food slows absorption rate and interfere with drug action
drug may require enteric coating to prevent destruction or gi irritations
half-life used to determine frequency of medication administration to maintain therapeutic blood levels
Classifications of Drug Actions
Drugs are generally classified according to their actions on the body or according to the body systems they affect.
Adrenergic blocking agents
reduces BP , vasodialation; inscreases muscle tone of GI walls
drug must pass tests starting in the lab or humans then in animal trials
Controlled Substances Act
vasodialation, uticaria, dspynea, edema, vomiting, diarrhea
Epi pen is used when
In allergic reactions, ie. bee stings or certain foods. (anaphylatic shock)
abnormally hard, inflammed area on Mantaux test (TB)
upper chest, upper back, forearm
abdomine, anterior thigh (Anterior), deltoild, subcapular portion of back (posterior)
Intra muscular site
deltoid, vastus laterus, ventrogluteal, dorsogluteral
Where do you give an Infant or child a shot
IM shots for penicillin are given
In deltoid. Use nondominant hand on pts. shoulder. with thumb and first 2 fingers spread skin tightly & grasp muscle deepling
minerals suspended in water
oil and water
sugar and water
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