AP Human Geography-Religion
Terms in this set (53)
Who were the founders and where are the origination points of each major religion?
Buddhism- Siddhartha Gautama in India in the Indo-Gangetic Hearth
Christianity- Jesus Christ in Israel in the Semitic Hearth
Islam- Muhammad in Mecca then to Medina
Sikhism- Guru Nanak Pakistan
Hinduism- Indo-Gangetic Hearth
Judaism- Abraham in Jerusalem in the Semitic Hearth
Where is worship in the Hindu faith most likely to take place?
Describe the religious/political situation in Tibet.
The atheist Chinese government is destroying Tibetan Buddhist monasteries and arresting and exiling its adherents to suppress religion in the area and assimilate the region to Chinese control.
Cremation is most common in which faith?
Hindus, Buddhists, and Shintoists. Mostly Hindus
believing in more than one supreme being
What is the relationship between toponyms and religion in Quebec?
the French settled Quebec and they were Catholic so many of Quebec's towns are named after the saints
What are the differences between Theravadist and Mahayanist Buddhist?
Theravadist- is monastic, so most of its followers are monks and nuns
Mahayanists- find salvation through meditation and prayer
How was the term Ghetto applied to followers of Judaism?
Jews were forced to live in a region in which an ethnic minority is forced to live by economic, legal, or governmental pressures.
Identify Ethnic Asian religions.
Shintoism, Daoism, Confucianism, some are also Buddhist
Explain the Caste system of India.
it is a social hierarchy into which people are born. According to the Caste system, some people are born into power, others into destitution
Jerusalems geography represents difficult religious conflicts because of....(sacred sites)
sacred sites to Jews and Muslims are literally built one on top the other
Define religious denomination.
are groups of common congregations within a branch
What are the key aspects of Daoism?
taught that people should live in harmony with nature in all aspects of their lives.
The UN partition plan that divided Palestine placed Jerusalem under whose control?
the United Nations
Why is Iran unique as an Islamic nation?
Majority of Shiite muslims live in Iran
What is the world's largest ethnic religion?
What is the largest universalizing religion?
believing in one supreme being
What are Israel's views on the barriers that exist between Israel and the west bank?
A lot of emigrants from the West bank to israel are being put back on the west band side with the fence boundaries also the Israeli government said the fence disrupted Israeli laws
Where are followers of the Islamic faith clustered?
concentrated in Middle East from North Africa to Central Asia
Where are Irish Protestants clustered?
What is the key difference in North American Christianity and South American Christianity?
North american christianity is more protestant south america
is more roman catholic
How can religion be an example of tensions associated with globalization and local diversity?
Universalizing religions overpower ethnic religions which can cause tension between groups of people and their ethnic religions
set of religious beliefs concerning the origin of the universe
What are examples of Taliban penalties imposed in Afghanistan?
soccer stadiums were converted to executions and floggings men were beaten for shaving beards and stoned for committing adultery homosexuals were buried alive prostitutes were hanged in front of large audiences thieves had their hands cut off and women wearing nail polish had their fingers cut off
Adherents of what faith have controlled holy lands for the past 1500 years?
What are the clusters of Christian denominations in the US?
Roman Catholic in the Southwest and Northeast US Baptist in the South Methodist in the Mid-Atlantic and Midwest Lutheran in the upper midwest Mormon in Utah
means religious students had run Islamic knowledge movement religious schools. mosques, shrines, and other religious and social services since the seventh century AD
Why are Roman Catholics clustered in the US southwest?
from patterns of migration from Latin America
Define religious branch.
large, fundamental divisions within a religion
Identify denominations of Christianity...
the largest are Baptist Methodist Pentecostal and Lutheran (look up rest in book)
What was the Soviet Unions policies towards religion?
Under communism the Soviet Union pursued anti religious programs
Name some facts about the Jewish calendar.
major holidays are based on events in the agricultural calendar the appearance of the new moon marks the new month in Judaism and is a holiday it is a lunar month so a year is 350 days an extra month 7 out of 19 years
What are the branches of Christianity?
Roman Catholic, Protestant Christians, Eastern Orthodox
How does religion affect the politics of Northern Ireland?
Protestants in Northern Ireland want to stay part of UK and Roman Catholics want to be a part of the Republic of Ireland
How are mosques and churches different?
Churches are sanctified and mosques are not
What universalizing religion breaks the " all in; all out" model?
because some religions, for example Shintoism, combine to create one religion, people in japan are Buddhist and Shintoists
What European country was controlled by Muslims until 1492?
Describe who the Palestinians are.
Muslim citizens in Israel
How did British colonialism attempt to change the Hindu faith in India?
British colonialism forced their ideas and morals onto India and fought the caste system
How is Buddhism's concentration different than in other religions?
it remained concentrated in one area of the world
How do ethnic and universalizing religions differ?
universalizing religions try to have a universal appeal and attract all people to their beliefs, whereas ethnic religions attempt to appeal not to all people but to only one group, perhaps in one place or of one ethnicity
What are the 3 important religions of Lebanon?
Armenian Church Maronites
Define religious sect.
smaller groups that have broken away from a recognized denomination within a branch
What is a specific example of why Judaism is classified as an ethnic and not a universalizing religion?
its major holidays are based on events in the agricultural calendar of the religion's homeland in Israel
What are the characteristics of hierarchical religion?
well-defined, organized, territorial governance structure
Is the agricultural calendar relevant to universalizing religions?
May be related to seasons but seasons are not central to beliefs
What is the dominant branch of Islam?
What are the key aspects of the Sikh faith?
it is a syncretic religion which is a blend of the beliefs and practices of Hinduism and Islam. It follows the teaching of the guru monotheistic
What are some characteristics of the Bahai
Use a calendar established by the Bab and confirmed by Bahaullah in which the year is divided into 19 months of 19 days each, with the addition of four intercalary days the year begins on the first day of spring which is one of several holy days in the Bahai calendar
Define autonomous religions.
a religion that does not have a central authority but shares ideas and cooperates informally
Identify the 3 Arab-Israeli wars
Six Day Conflict War of Independence
What are the key differences in ethnic and universalizing religions calendars?
an ethnic religion typically has a more clustered distribution and its holidays are based on the distinctive physical geography of the homeland in universalizing religions major holidays relate to events in the life of the founder rather than the changing of the seasons