30 terms

methods and approaches test

naturalistic observation
Psychologists who carefully watch the behavior of chimpanzee societies in the jungle are using a research method known as:
a biased sample
Dr. Stillingsworth is interested in people's reactions to a controversial jury verdict. Dr. Stillingsworth calls people at their home between the hours of 1:00 p.m. and 3:30 p.m. on a Tuesday afternoon. In this example Dr. Stillingsworth has most likely selected
Dr. Wilson attributes the delinquent behaviors of many teens to the pressures associated with being members of street gangs. Her account best illustrates a(n) ________ perspective.
Which of the following groups of psychologists would be most likely to focus on individual uniqueness, freedom, and potential for growth as a person?
generalizing from vivid cases
After noting that a majority of professional basketball players are African-American, Ervin concluded that African-Americans are better athletes than members of other racial groups. Ervin's conclusion best illustrates the danger of:
there was no control group
A researcher has children watch 30 minutes of violent television, and then counts the number of times they hit each other afterward in a one-hour play period as a measure of aggression. The researcher concludes that television violence causes aggression. However, this conclusion may be invalid because
evolutionary perspective in psychology
Currently a large proportion of the American population is overweight. Dr. Laker thinks that, in part, this may be due to an innate preference for foods that are rich in fats and sugars. Dr. Laker has suggested that in times when foods were not so readily available, this innate preference would ensure enough calories for energy and survival. Dr. Laker's views are most consistent with those of the
strategies used by college students to solve a particular problem
Which of the following is most likely to be studied by a cognitive psychologist?
Which measure of central tendency is used to calculate your grade-point average?
Professor Crisman believes that most women prefer tall and physically strong partners because this preference enhanced the survival of our ancestors' genes. This viewpoint best illustrates the ________ perspective.
causes and effects
Researchers use experiments rather than other research methods in order to distinguish between:
deceive participants about the true purpose of an experiment.
In an effort to prevent participants in an experiment from trying to confirm the researchers' predictions, psychologists sometimes:
correlational research.
In order to determine whether the strength of people's self-esteem is related to their income levels, researchers would most likely make use of:
the standard deviation of the sample decreases
The precision with which a sample average approximates a population average increases as:
behavior and mental processes
Contemporary psychology is best defined as the scientific study of:
natural selection
The survival of organisms best suited to a particular environment is known as:
represent an operational definition
Dr. Dieringer wants to study attachment patterns in single-parent families. She plans to define the strength of attachment as the time it takes for the parent to respond when the infant starts to cry. Defining attachment in this way would
experimental treatment is absent
In the control condition of an experiment the:
the case study
In order to understand the unusual behavior of an adult client, a clinical psychologist has carefully investigated the client's current life situation and his physical, social-cultural, and educational history. Which research method has the psychologist employed?
The school of psychology that focused on identifying and examining the fundamental components of conscious experience, such as sensations, feelings, and images was
Which of the following is a major source of genetic diversity?
central tendency; variation
Median is to range as ________ is to ________.
natural selection
Evolutionary psychology studies the evolution of behavior and the mind using principles of:
Which of the following areas of research in psychology is concerned with assessing individual differences, developing tests, and developing new statistical techniques?
random assignment
In experiments, placing subjects in experimental groups such that each subject has an equal probability of ending up in any experimental group is referred to as
random assignment
To accurately infer cause and effect, experimenters should use:
the false consensus effect
Conservatives are more likely than liberals to perceive high levels of popular support for conservative views. This best illustrates:
recall the correct answer to each question before reading the alternative answers.
In answering multiple-choice test items, smart test-takers are best advised to:
forces in the unconscious
According to Sigmund Freud, an individual's personality is largely determined by
double-blind procedure
The experimental procedure in which both the experimenter and subject are unaware of who is in the experimental and who is in the control group is referred to as the