39 terms

2016 Constitution Review, Part 2 (Federalists and Anti-Federalists)

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Explain what a "Federalist" is.
Someone who supported the ratification (approval) of the Constitution, and wanted a strong national government
Explain what an "Anti-Federalist" is.
Someone who opposed (was against) the ratification (approval) of the Constitution unless a "Bill of Rights" was added. They also wanted strong state government and weak national government.
What is the purpose of the "Bill of Rights"?
To protect individuals from the National/Federal government
What was the main idea/purpose of the "Federalist Papers"?
To convince the citizens of New York to ratify (approve) the Constitution
Who are the three (3) people that wrote the "Federalist's Papers"?
1. Alexander Hamilton
2. James Madison
3. John Jay
Federalist or Anti-Federalist?

Wanted Bill of Rights
Anti-Federalist
Federalist or Anti-Federalist?

Wanted Constitution without Bill of Rights
Federalist
Federalist or Anti-Federalist?

Wanted more power given to the state governments
Anti-Federalist
Federalist or Anti-Federalist?

Wanted more power given to the federal/national/central government
1. Virginia Plan (wanted representation based on population)
2. New Jersey Plan (wanted representation equal among all states)
Federalist or Anti-Federalist?

Refused to ratify (approve) the Constitution without a Bill of Rights.
Anti-Federalist
Federalist or Anti-Federalist?

Thomas Jefferson
Anti-Federalist
Federalist or Anti-Federalist?

Alexander Hamilton
Federalist
Federalist or Anti-Federalist?

Patrick Henry
Anti-Federalist
Federalist or Anti-Federalist?

James Monroe
Anti-Federalist
Federalist or Anti-Federalist?

George Mason
Anti-Federalist
Federalist or Anti-Federalist?

Economy based on agriculture (cash crops)
Anti- Federalist
Federalist or Anti-Federalist?

Economy based on industry and manufacturing
Federalist
Federalist or Anti-Federalist?

More common in the South
Anti-Federalist
Federalist or Anti-Federalist?

More common in the North
Federalist
Federalist or Anti-Federalist?

Believed that the government should be controlled by wealthy, educated people
Federalist
Federalist or Anti-Federalist?

Wanted INDIRECT Presidential elections, where representatives vote on behalf of their state (Electoral College)
Federalist
Federalist or Anti-Federalist?

Wanted a National Bank
Federalist
Federalist or Anti-Federalist?

Wanted tariffs (taxes) on imports and exports
Federalist
Federalist or Anti-Federalist?

Favored Britain and did NOT like France
Federalist
Federalist or Anti-Federalist?

Favored France, and did NOT like Britain
Anti-Federalist
Federalist or Anti-Federalist?

John Adams
Federalist
Federalist or Anti-Federalist?

James Madison (aka- "Father of the Constitution")
Federalist
Federalist or Anti-Federalist?

Wanted to totally get rid of the Articles of Confederation, and replace it with the Constitution
Federalist
Federalist or Anti-Federalist?

Wanted to modify and then keep the Articles of Confederation
Anti-Federalist
Federalist or Anti-Federalist?

Wanted LIMITED National government
Anti-Federalist
Federalist or Anti-Federalist?

Wanted "State's Rights"
Anti-Federalist
Federalist or Anti-Federalist?

Wanted government controlled by ordinary citizens
Anti-Federalist
Federalist or Anti-Federalist?

Wanted a DIRECT Presidential election where the popular vote decides the winner (opposite of Electoral College)
Anti-Federalist
Federalist or Anti-Federalist?

Against the National Bank (wanted States Banks)
Anti-Federalist
Federalist or Anti-Federalist?

Against tariffs, wanted free trade
Anti-Federalist
Federalist or Anti-Federalist?
...
List three (3) important Federalist leaders.
1. Alexander Hamilton
2. John Adams
3. James Madison
4. John Jay
List three (3) important Anti-Federalist leaders.
1. Thomas Jefferson
2. Patrick Henry
3. George Mason
4. James Monroe
What did the "Anti-Federalist Papers" argue for?
Against the ratification (approval) of the Constitution because they feared the government would abuse their powers and hurt the individual citizen