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Arts and Humanities
Terms in this set (65)
Sacraments are both............and......................
visible and invisible
We experience the world through our.............
senses: sight, touch, taste, feel
How do we understand and express invisible realities through our senses?
an example is Through love, a parents love for their child
When Jesus died on the cross he earned................................
an immeasurable flow of grace for us.
How did Jesus dispense his grace?
through the sacraments
an efficacious sign of grace, instituted by Christ and entrusted to the Church by which life is dispensed to us.
think effective. The graces of the Sacrament are communicated because Christ is the one who works in the Sacraments
sign of grace
the Sacraments involve physical acts that indicate an internal, spiritual reality or transformation
Instituted by Christ and entrusted to the Church
Through Scripture we learn that Christ left us the Sacraments and entrusted them to the Apostles and Church to dispense to his people
Mysterion in Greek originally meant
a sign of something sacred or hidden and inexhaustible
Sacramentum in Latin originally meant
How is mysterion an appropriate term for the Church's sacrament?
Sacraments are sacred because they are full of God's grace; hidden because they take place inside the soul; and inexhaustible because they never "run out" of grace
How is Sacramentum an appropriate term for the Church's sacrament?
indicates that the Sacraments are visible signs by which a person's invisible relationship with God is transformed and deepened and by which he receives new privileges and responsibilities
The Sacraments are always available to us and are the source of our.............and our..................
We encounter.................in the Sacraments
Ex opere operato means
from the work performed
Who instituted the Sacraments?
The validity of a Sacrament does not depend on the holiness of the minister. Why?
because the power of Christ and His spirit works in and through the Sacrament.
When humanity fails...............
Christ triumphs in the Sacrament
What do we receive through the Sacraments?
a person has the intention of encountering Christ in the Sacrament and are in a proper spiritual state (free of mortal sin)
....................................to receive a Sacrament can reduce or eliminate a person's ability to receive the grace offered.
Lacking this proper disposition
a person must be aware of their disposition so they don't commit a
Sacraments of Initiation-
Baptism, Eucharist, Confirmation
Sacraments of Healing-
Reconciliation, Anointing of the Sick
Sacraments of Service-
Holy Orders, Matrimony
3 sacraments can only be received once
Baptism, Holy Orders, and Confirmation
What is an indelible mark
it is an awesome, permanent mark on the soul that distinguishes a follower of Christ from others and disposes us to cooperate with his grace.
Sacraments in Scripture and tradition
some are explicitly in scripture some are implicit
Christ established the 7 Sacraments from his words and deeds and because .........
the Apostles continued to celebrate the Sacraments after his Ascension into heaven
What are the 3 required elements in the celebration of each sacrament?
Matter, Form, and Minister
the material or physical sign through which God communicates his divine life
an example of matter
water for Baptism
the prescribed words necessary for its celebration-is is necessary for the sacrament to be celebrated
an example of form
Baptism is "I baptize you in the name of the Father, and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit
The person who performs the sacramental act
an example of Minister
the minster of Holy Orders can only be a bishop
Who is the ultimate minister of every Sacrament?
What is received in the Sacraments?
Two types of Grace
Sanctifying grace and actual grace
It is a gift from the Holy Spirit by which a person receives the divine life of God in his or her soul. also called habitual grace because it is permanent disposition that helps people to choose good over evil
.....................weaken sanctifying grace in the soul
....................destroys sanctifying grace in the soul
is temporary assistance given by God to overcome a particular sin and to act virtuously. It is given freely and available to every man, woman and child
Why are Sacraments necessary for our salvation?
People need grace in order to be holy and the sacraments are the ordinary means by which God makes his grace available to us to sanctify us, make us more holy.
How do Sacraments draw us closer to God?
sacraments give us the opportunity to meet Christ intimately
How do the Sacraments unite us to the Christian community?
An example is Baptism where we become members of the Church
The sacraments give 3 divine calls to us
1) to live a life of personal holiness and a sense of vocation
2) to worship God as the Church instructs, to obtain graces to grow in holiness and fulfill one's vocation
3) to live according to the moral teachings of the church
Who is the main minister of the Sacraments?
Christ is the true minister and cause for each Sacrament
Who forgives or sins?
What is the Sacrament of Penance?
It is the Sacrament of Healing in which Jesus Christ himself, through the actions of the priest forgives sins committed after Baptism
What is the goal of Penance?
to receive God's mercy and be reconciled to him and the church
what is an Examination of Conscience?
this means to take time to think in your heart what you have done wrong or what you have failed to do to determine how we may have sinned against God.
the state of your heart being remorseful for sins commited
when we are sorrowful for our sins and resolve to not sin again out of love of God above all else
when we are sorrowful for our sins and resolve to not sin again out of fear of God's punishment rather than out of love for him.
confessing your sins to the priest who is acting in persona Christi
in persona Christi means
in the person of Christi. The priest is the vessel in which Christ acts through.
seal of confession
the fact that the priest cannot divulge to anyone, under any circumstances, what was said to him in the Sacrament of Penance
either a prayer or action that a priest gives to you in the Sacrament of Penance.
Act of contrition
a prayer expressing real sorrow for one's sins. Normally part of the sacrament of penance
the is the concluding moment in the sacrament of Penance when the priest prays a prayer over you and you are forgiven of your sins by God
leaving the Sacrament not just forgiven but strengthened to do God's will, to do penance and live a changed life by his grace.
is a sign of the real true presence of Jesus' body and blood, soul and divinity
is a sign of God's love for the Church.
how can you personally enhance the mark of the catholicity?
What are the three main themes of the Book of Revelation?
Who ruled when Jesus was born?
What is the heart of the Kerygma?
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