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Casavant Chapter 8 Terms
Terms in this set (39)
The fourth President of the United States (1809-1817). A member of the Continental Congress and the Constitutional Convention (1787), he strongly supported ratification of the Constitution and was a contributor to The Federalist Papers (1787-1788), which argued the effectiveness of the proposed constitution. His presidency was marked by the War of 1812.
Revenue Act of 1789
James Madison persuaded congress to adopt this; imposed 5% tarif on certain imports; first effective national tax law (compared to fail of Acts of Confederation)
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments of the U.S. Constitution, containing a list of individual rights and liberties, such as freedom of speech, religion, and the press.
Judiciary Act of 1789
In 1789 Congress passed this Act which created the federal-court system. The act managed to establish in each state a federal district court that operated according to local procedures. Established a Supreme Court and district courts (1789)
He had led troops (rather unsuccessfully) during the French and Indian War, and had surrendered Fort Necessity to the French. He was appointed commander-in-chief of the Continental Army, and was much more successful in this second command. He did not recieve a formal education and was elected unanimously as the first president of the United States with his Vice President John Adams.
1789-1795; First Secretary of the Treasury. He advocated creation of a national bank, assumption of state debts by the federal government, and a tariff system to pay off the national debt.
Report on Public Credit
proposed by Hamilton to repair war debts; selling of securities and federal lands, assumption of state debts, set up the first National Bank
Assumption of State Debt
plan proposed by Hamilton modeled after Britain to assume state debts in order to create a central financial power. Step 2 to hamiltons financial plan. this would add credibility to the national government. compromise to please the south would be to move the capital to washington dc
The Bank of The U.S
National bank set up by Congress, to hold deposits and to issue paper money.
way of interpreting the Constitution that allows the Federal government to take only those actions the Constitution specifically says it can take.
belief that the government can do anything that the constitution does not prohibit
Report on Manufacturing
Hamilton's plan to promote the growth of business. It included tariffs, loans, grants, the excise tax, and the improvement of infrastructure.
In 1794, farmers in Pennsylvania rebelled against Hamilton's excise tax on whiskey. In October, 1794, the army, led by Washington, put down the rebellion.
He was a delegate from Virginia at the Second Continental Congress and wrote the Declaration of Independence. He later served as the third President of the United States. He was also the first Secretary of State
Rivals of the Federalists who believed in a smaller government based on state rights. Their rivalry sparked tensions with Federalists, creating a political party system.Early political party that favored strong states' rights; supported commoners; strict construction; led by Jefferson
Supporters of the stronger central govt. who advocated the ratification of the new constitution. they supported the Constitution but not the Bill of Rights.
French diplomat, hoped to persuade Americans to honor their 1778 military alliance with France. Sent to rally troops for the war on Britain from America, but America declared itself neutral and they would not have this
The Jay Treaty
Chief Justice John Jay sent by Washington to Britain to talk them out of their policy of impressing American seamen. In the treaty, Britain agreed to evacuate posts on the U.S. western frontier but said nothing about British seizure of American merchant ships. This treaty reestablished economic trade ties.
The Pickney Treaty
1795. Spain made a series of concessions in negotiations with US ambassador Thomas Pinckney. treaty opened up the lower mississippi and New Orleans to American trade. granted americans right of deposit in New Orleans without having to pay tax to spanish.
Washington Farewell Address
President Washington decided not to seek reelection in 1796. Near the end of his term he delivered this address that warned the nation against the harmful effects of rivalry between political parties, and against the dangers of permanent alliances with foreign nations.
President John Adams
Second President of the United States who settles the XYZ Affair with diplomacy, he avoids war with France. He was also the Vice President to George Washington and passed the Alien and Sedition Acts.
An insult to the American delegation when they were supposed to be meeting French foreign minister, Talleyrand, but instead they were sent 3 officials Adams called "X,Y, and Z" that demanded $250,000 as a bribe to see Talleyrand.
The Alien and Sedition Act
acts passed in 1798 under the Adams Administration in the hopes of slowing down Republican growth. Alien act stripped foreigners of their rights to vote and gave president John Adams authority to kick out any foreigners who he deemed threatening to society. Sedition act stripped citizens of their right to rebel or speak out against their government. Was only resolved in 1800 by Thomas Jefferson's Election as President.
Virginia and Kentucky Resolution
political statements written by Jefferson and Madison that were drafted in 1798 and 1799, in which the Kentucky and Virginia legislatures resolved to not abide by Alien and Sedition Acts. They argued that the Acts were unconstitutional
Convention of 1800
Agreement to formally dissolve the United States' treaty with France, originally signed during the Revolutionary War. The difficulties posed by America's peacetime alliance with France contributed to Americans' longstanding opposition to entangling alliances with foreign powers
Separate voting for President and VP, each elector chooses one candidate for President and one for VP, if no candidate receives a majority the election is decided by the House of Representatives. Added to the Consitution stating that the election of President and Vice President would be separate.
The Second Great Awakening
(1790-1840s) a series of American religious revivals occurring throughout that eastern U.S.; these revivals encouraged a culture performing good deeds in exchange for salvation, and therefore became responsible for an upswing in prison reform, the temperance cause, the feminist movement, and abolitionism
1803 - Led a slave rebellion which took control of Haiti, the most important island of France's Caribbean possessions. The rebellion led Napoleon to feel that New World colonies were more trouble than they were worth, and encouraged him to sell Louisiana to the U.S.
A planned slave rebellion in Richmond led by Gabriel, a literate slave. The plan leaked out just before the march, and authorities rounded up the participants and executed thirty-five of them, including Gabriel.
Election of 1800
Republicans Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr each received 73 votes in the Electoral College, so the House of Representatives had to decide the outcome. The House chose Jefferson as President and Burr as Vice President. John Adams, a federalist, lost the election.
New York City
Capital of u.s. during washington's presidency
An act that extended the time for citizenship for an immigrant from 5 to 14 years; aimed to target Irish and French immigrants who often supported the Republicans.
A french messenger on a diplomatic mission; people who tried to bribe Adams in the XYZ Affair.
The period of overseas conflict between the British and the US navies prior to the declaration of war in 1812.
United States diplomat and jurist who negotiated peace treaties with Britain and served as the first chief justice of the United States Supreme Court (1745-1829)
King of France from 1774 to 1792
A literate slave who in the 1800's planned a rebellion with a group of fellow slaves. Two of the slaves reported the rebellion and he was captured along with thirty five other slaves and executed. The rebellion was never carried out.
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court appointed by John Adams. He created the precedent of judicial review; ruled on many early decisions that gave the federal government more power, especially the supreme court
Leader of the Miami Confederacy
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