28 terms

World War I

terms of WWI

Terms in this set (...)

a policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, economically, or socially
the idea that your national culture and interests are superior to any other
Policy of building up strong armed forces to prepare for war. glorification of war and military power
Triple Alliance
An alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy in the years before WWI.
Kaiser Wilhelm II
was the Kaiser of Germany at the time of the First World War reigning from 1888-1918. He pushed for a more aggressive foreign policy by means of colonies and a strong navy to compete with Britain. His actions added to the growing tensions in pre-1914 Europe.
Triple Entente
An alliance between Great Britain, France and Russia in the years before WWI.
Gavrilo Princip
The assassin of Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria, a member of the Black Hand
Central Powers
In World War I the alliance of Germany and Austria-Hungary and other nations allied with them in opposing the Allies.
Allied Powers
Britain, France, Russia, Japan (eventually US; totaling 45 other nations
Western Front
A line of trenches and fortifications in World War I that stretched without a break from Switzerland to the North Sea. Scene of most of the fighting between Germany, on the one hand, and France and Britain, on the other.
Trench warfare
war from inside trenches enemies would try killing eachother with machine guns and tanks, and poison gas no gains in territory; stalemate
Schlieffen Plan
Germany's military plan at the outbreak of World War I, according to which German troops would rapidly defeat France and then move east to attack Russia.
Eastern Front
In WWI, the region along the German-Russian Border where Russians and Serbs battled Germans, Austrians, and Turks. Here too, slaughter and stalemate were common
unrestricted submarine warfare
A policy that the Germans announced on January 1917 which stated that their submarines would sink any ship in the British waters
British passenger boat sunk by a German submarine that claimed 128 American lives. One of main reasons Amereica decided to join the war.
April 2, 1917
President Woodrow Wilson asked Congress for a declaration of war, "To make the world safe for democracy."
total war
all-out war that affects civilians at home as well as soldiers in combat
Restricting the amount of food and other goods people may buy during wartime to assure adequate supplies for the military
ideas spread to influence public opinion for or against a cause. Governments often released censored information to maintain morale and support for their war effort.
an agreement to stop fighting
Woodrow Wilson
U.S. President, who led USA into WWI. He proposed the 14 points. He attended the peace conference at Versailles.
George Clemenceau
French prime minister in last years of WWI and during Versailles Conference of 1919. Pushed for heavy reparations from Germans. Wanted to make Germans suffer and help break Germany up.
Fourteen Points
a series of proposals in which U.S. President Woodrow Wilson outlined a plan for achieving a lasting peace after World War I.
League of Nations
An organization of nations formed after World War I to promote cooperation and peace.
Treaty of Versailles
Created by the leaders of the WWI victorious allies Nations: France, Britain, US, and signed by Germany to help stop WWI. The treaty 1)stripped Germany of all Army, Navy, Airforce. 2) Germany had to rapair war damages(33 billion) 3) Germany had to acknowledge guilt for causing WWI 4) Germany could not manefacture any weapons.
two or more countries joining together
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
He was the heir of the Austrian-Hungarian Empire. He was assassinated in Sarajevo in 1914. This event sparked a series of actions that led to the beginning of World War I.
Zimmerman Telegram
This was sent by Germans to encourage a Mexican attack against the United States. Intercepted by the US in 1917.