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Psych Chapter 5 Study Test
Terms in this set (45)
Identify 2 theories on hypnosis
social influence theory, divided consciousness theory
hypnotic subjects may simply be imaginative actors playing a social role
social influence theory
hypnosis is a special state of dissociated (divided) consciousness
divided consciousness theory
In what stage does sleepwalking usually occur?
Alcohol, Barbiturates, and Opioids are all examples of what?
Cocaine, Meth, Ecstasy, and Caffeine are all examples of what?
LSD and THC are examples of what?
What stage of sleep do people attain the deepest level of sleep?
The state or quality of awareness
If Bill cannot remember where he was during the 9/11 attacks no matter how hard he thinks of it, what level of consciousness is that memory in?
Focusing on one thing while ignoring everything else
Condition where the body must have a drug to avoid physical/physiological withdrawal symptoms
What level of consciousness is the memory of what you wore on Saturday in?
What level of sleep is classified by rapid eye movement?
How are nightmares and night terrors different?
dreams do not have an amplified physical/psychological response
What are dreams?
thoughts, images, emotions experienced during sleep
What level of sleep are you at when you just lay down to fall asleep and close your eyes?
Awake but relaxed
What level of sleep do you achieve while meditating?
awake but relaxed
How does the use of psychoactive drugs affect your consciousness?
Alters perception, mood, can develop into substance use disorder or life disruption
When your body gets used to a certain drug and its effectiveness weakens
How do people experience withdrawal?
physical pains, craving, negative thoughts
A sensory experience of something that does not exist outside the mind
Failure to breathe while asleep
Psychedelic drugs that distort perceptions and evoke sensory images in the absence of sensory input.
Sudden arousal from sleep with intense fear accompanied by physiological reactions (increased heart rate, rapid breathing, etc)
Drug with psychoactive properties that has a sedative effect, reduces pain, dulls senses
Physiological state induced by the ingestion of ethanol
Overpowering urge to fall asleep
Thoughts which are unconscious at the moment, but not repressed
Repressed pool of deep dark and bad thoughts
Describe the iceberg metaphor: Conscious Level
Describe the iceberg metaphor: Preconscious Level
memories, stored knowledge
Describe the iceberg metaphor: Unconscious Level
fears, irrational wishes, selfish needs, violent motives
An internal biological clock that regulates our 24 hour cycle of day and night
When an individual closes his eyes but remains awake, his brain activity slows down to a large amplitude and slow, regular alpha waves. A meditating person also exhibits an alpha brain activity.
awake but relaxed
Slowed breathing and irregular brain waves
May experience images resembling hallucinations, or the hypnagogic sensations of falling or floating
Approx. 20 minutes
Characterized by sleep spindles (bursts of rapid, rhythmic brain wave activity)
Could still be awakened without too much difficulty
Lasts about 30 minutes
Brain emits large, slow delta waves
Hard to awaken
Children may wet the bed or begin sleepwalking
About an hour after falling asleep
The sleep cycle starts moving backward, entering REM sleep
Brain waves resemble NREM-1, but heart rate rises, breathing becomes rapid and irregular
Eyes dart around behind closed lids, signaling the beginning of a dream
Muscles are relaxed
Cannot be easily awakened
ONLY TIME WHEN YOU DREAM
Can anyone experience hypnosis?
Yes, to some extent
Can hypnosis enhance recall of forgotten events?
Can hypnosis force people to act against their will?
Can hypnosis alleviate pain?
Yes, Lamaze can do that do
Can hypnosis be therapeutic?
Yes, self-suggestion can heal too
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