Nigeria terms for final project
Terms in this set (44)
Oppressive Nigerian military dictator from 1993 to 1998 who came to power in a military coup
Alhaji Atiku Abubakar
was the Vice-President of Nigeria from 1999 to 2007. He is a Muslim native of Adamawa State, and was an influential member of the ruling People's Democratic Party (PDP) until 2006 when he switched affiliation to the Action Congress party. The former Vice President made a controversial return to the PDP in 2009.
All Nigeria Middle Belt People's Party, the leading opposition party in Nigeria today
Military ruler of Nigeria from 1985 to 1993 who sought to establish the failed 3rd republic
Area that tried to break away from Nigeria in a civil war that lasted from 1967 to 1970.
was a Major General in the Nigerian Army and a former military ruler of Nigeria from December 31, 1983 to August 27, 1985. He also ran unsuccessfully for the office of the President of Nigeria in the 2003, 2007 and 2011 elections.
a complex network of voluntary associations, economic groups, religious organizations, and many other kinds of groups that exist independently from the government
advocacy of a system of government according to constitutional principles
A method of co-optation whereby authoritarian systems create or sanction a limited number of organizations to represent the interests of the public and restrict those not set up or approved by the state.
the spread of cultural elements from one society to another
think like nigerians, not like igbos. goal of nom (national orientation movement under banangida), ensure representation of all ethnic and regional groups
the largest ethnic group that lives in northern Muslim Nigeria.
all Yoruba chiefs traced their descent to this first ruler. According to legend, the creator sent this first ruler down to earth where he founded the first Yoruba state.
an ethnic group of Nigeria that lived in the southwest region for thousands of years. Known for metalworking, weaving, and carving.
colonial government in which local rulers are allowed to maintain their positions of authority and status
Economic activity that is neither taxed nor monitored by a government; and is not included in that government's Gross National Product; as opposed to a formal economy
Independent National Electoral Commission; monitored elections in earlier Nigeria republics
a holy struggle or striving by a Muslim for a moral or spiritual or political goal
Northeastern Nigerian group; a smaller, primarily Muslim group
Nigerian leaders at the village level generally conducted business through kinship ties.
President appointing governor to work under him who supports him, that governor appointing someone who supports him, ect.
"military in barracks"
Military NOT holding high political position, being just the military
"military in government"
President being a military leader
a bicameral legislature established under section 4 of the Nigerian Constitution. It consists of a Senate and a 360-member House of Representatives. The body, modelled after the federal Congress of the United States, is supposed to guarantee equal representation of the states irrespective of size in the Senate and proportional representation of population in the House. The National Assembly, like many other organs of the Nigerian government, is based in the federal capital Abuja.
" The National Question"
Questions of: Who should run Nigeria's government? How should country be governed?
Organizations run outside of the government
1st president of the 4th Republic 1999-2007, he is a Christian Yoruba, he was military dictator from 76-79, he is part of the Peoples Democratic Party, he was the first to voluntary step down to new democracy. He wanted Privatization, free market, and to fight corruption.
an inland state in south-western Nigeria, with its capital at Ibadan. It is bounded in the north by Kwara State, in the east by Osun State, in the south by Ogun State and in the west partly by Ogun State and partly by the Republic of Benin.
state owned corporations created to undertake a broad range of activities such as transportation facilities and public utilities
Political system in which state officers appropriate their offices for personal benefits and those of their supporters.
Patron-client system (Prebendalism)
Relations in which "Patron" gains support of "Client" through mutual exchange of benefits and obligations.
The most votes among those running; Ex. Multi-party systems
country becomes entirely dependent on ONE resource (i.e. oil) for economic development
Environment & Security
distribution of part of the federal tax income to states and municipalities
Rule of Law
Concept that holds that government and its officers are always subject to the law
Nigerian poet and environmentalist trying to do things legally to make the oil companies environmentally aware
the code of law derived from the Koran and from the teachings and example of Mohammed
large Muslim state founded in 1809 in what is now northern Nigeria
a political system in which the state requires all members of a particular economic sector to join an officially designated interest group, with the result that the state gains substantial control over interest groups and interest groups channel or control their members' political and economic advocacy
Structural Adjustment Program
Economic policies imposed on less developed countries by international agencies to create conditions encouraging international trade, such as raising taxes, reducing government spending, controlling inflation, selling publicly owned utilities to private corporations, and charging citizens more for services.
"true federalism" movement
Called for by the Igbo Youth movement.Promotes accelerated economic development, it unifies and binds people together, it triggers intellectual dialogue and provokes a healthy rivalry in revenue generation. These laudable goals are only achieved where the federating units are allowed free access in decision making and inputs into governance.
Yar' Adua, Umaru
Current president (2007-present) of Nigeria
a West African people who formed several kingdoms in what is now Benin and southern Nigeria
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