16 terms

Learning and Memory - Simplified

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Terms in this set (...)

Short term memory
active contents of consciousness (working memory), access is rapid capacity is limited, forgotten quickly
long term memory
not currently in consciousness, access is slower, capacity unlimited, forgotten more slowly
phonological loop
active processing and maintenance of verbal info. verbal rehearsal needed to maintain info
visuospatial sketchpad
active processing and maintenance of visual info, visualizing objects in space
central executive
for cognitive control, updates working memory buffers, decides what info is important to attend to and two maintain in STM
dysexecutive syndrome
due to PFC damage. deficits in working memory (STM), poor performance on tasks involving WM such as digit-span
Ventrolateral PFC
Short term memory, simple rehearsing/maintaining info
Dorsolateral PFC
central executive tasks, keeps attention focused on current info, important for linking info,
PFC
anterior - abstract thinking, ie; thinking about the meaning of words

posterior - concrete thinking, ie; how is this word pronouncedd
Schizophrenia
dysfunction of dorsolateral PFC, due to genetics and abnormal dopamine activity. poor perf on central executive tasks, ie; card sorting, N-back.
ADHD
dysfunction of dorsolateral PFC, due to genetics and abnormal dopamine activity. poor perf on central executive tasks that require attention with distracting stimuli
sympathetic
fight or flight, adrenal glands release epinephrine/adrenaline and cortisol. increase in HR, respiration, pupil size, awareness, blood flow. decrease in pain, digestion and immune function - short term survival is goal.
parasympathetic
rest and digest, opposite of fight/flight
James Lange
stimulus - autonomic arousal - experience emotion
cannon bard
stimulus - autonomic arousal&experience emotion (AT SAME TIME)
schachter-singer
stimulus - Autonomic arousal&cognitive appraisal (AT SAME TIME) - then experience emotion
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