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Chapter 18- Gastrointestinal and Urologic Emergencies
This is the vocabulary list for Chapter 18.
Terms in this set (20)
A condition of sudden onset of pain within the abdomen, usually indicating peritonitis immediate medical or surgical treatment is necessary.
Inflammation or infection of the appendix.
Inflammation of the gallbladder.
Inflammation of the bladder.
Inflammation in small pockets at weak areas in the muscle walls.
gastroesophageal reflex disease (GERD)
A condition in which the sphincter between the esophagus and the stomach opens, allowing stomach acid to move up into the esophagus, usually resulting in a burning sensation within the chest; also called acid reflux.
Involuntary muscle contractions (spasm) of the abdominal wall to minimize the pain of movement and protect the inflamed abdomen; a sign of peritonitis.
The protrusion of an organ or tissue through an abnormal body opening.
Paralysis of the bowel, arising from any one of several causes; stops contractions that move material through the intestine.
Solid crystalline masses formed in the kidney, resulting from an excess of insoluble salts or uric acid crystallizing in the urine; may become trapped anywhere along the urinary tract.
Black, foul-smelling, tarry stool containing digested blood.
Inflammation of the pancreas.
The membrane lining the abdominal cavity (parietal peritoneum) and covering the abdominal organs (visceral peritoneum).
Inflammation of the peritoneum.
Complete obstruction of blood circulation in a given organ as a result of compression or entrapment; an emergency situation causing death of tissue.
Severe kidney failure resulting in the buildup of waste products within the blood. Eventually brain functions will be impaired.
urinary tract infection (UTI)
A bacterial infection, usually of the lower urinary tract (urethra and bladder) that occurs when normal flora bacteria enter the urethra and grow.
Pain felt in an area of the body other than where the cause of pain is located.
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