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APES Chapter 13 Vocab
Achieving Sustainable Energy
Terms in this set (29)
The total mass of all living matter in a specific area
In energy management, an energy source that is either potentially renewable or nondepletable.
The implementation of methods to use less energy.
A billing system used by some electric companies in which customers pay higher rates as their use goes up.
The ratio of the amount of work done to the total amount of energy introduced to the system.
The greatest quantity of energy used at any one time.
Passive Polar Energy
Construction designed to take advantage of solar radiation without active technology.
The ability of a material to maintain its temperature.
Carbon in biomass that was recently in the atmosphere.
Carbon in fossil fuels.
An activity that does not change atmospheric CO2 concentrations.
The process of removing more than is replaced by growth, typically used when referring to carbon.
Liquid fuels created from processed or refined biomass
Alcohol made by converting starches and sugars from plant material into alcohol and CO2.
A diesel substitute produced by extracting and chemically altering oil from plants.
A vehicle that runs on either gasoline or ethanol.
Hydroelectricity generation in which water is retained behind a low dam or no dam.
The storage of water in a reservoir behind a dam.
Energy that comes from the movement of water driven by the gravitational pull of the Moon.
The accumulation of sediments, primarily silt, on the bottom of a reservoir.
Active Solar Energy
Energy captured from sunlight with intermediate technologies.
Photovoltaic Solar Cell
A system of capturing energy from sunlight and converting it directly into electricity.
Heat energy that comes from the natural radioactive decay of elements deep within Earth.
Ground Source Heat Pump
A technology that transfers heat from the ground to a building.
Energy generated from the kinetic energy of moving air.
A turbine that converts wind energy into electricity.
An electrical-chemical device that converts fuel, such as hydrogen, into an electrical current.
The application of an electric current to water molecules to split them into hydrogen and oxygen.
An effcient, self-regulating electricity distribution network that accepts any source of electricity and distributes it effectively to end users.