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T or F. decreasing population growth in developed countries will decrease resource consumption
T or F. the per capita ecological footprint is the availability of productive land and usable water to support the population with no consideration for environmental impact
T or F. private ownership is a possible solution to the problem of people exploiting a free-access resource but may not be practical for global common resources
T or F. developing countries have a high GDP which proposes a threat to their ability to become environmentally sustainable
T or F. developing countries have a significant negative affect on the environment because of the consumption per person and technological impact per unit of consumption
T or F. people in developing countries have a greater ecological footprint than those of developed countries
T or F. the 'tragedy of the commons' refers to lack of agricultural sustenance available for the common people in a country
T or F. pollution cleanup is considered to be a short-term solution if population and consumption levels grow without corresponding improvement in population control technology
T or F. using free-access resources slightly above their estimated sustainable yields will increase the availability of those resources
T or F. countries experiencing affluenza allows them to obtain the resources they need from almost anywhere in the world without seeing the harmful environmental impacts of their high-consumption life-styles
an environmentally sustainable society
all of the above- manages its economy and population size, satisfies the needs of its people, protects the prospects of future generations, and meets the needs of its people without jeopardizing the needs of future generations
the market value in dollars of good and services produced in a country for use within a year is the
gross domestic product
what is true generalization about developing countries?
they use only about 10% of the world's resources
economic growth is NOT (except question)
accomplished by minimizing the flow of matter and energy through an economy
output pollution control efforts can be ineffective because
all of these- they often transfer pollutants, cost, temporary measure
the three-factor model of environmental degradation and pollution do not include
the climate in which people live in
an unsustainable addiction to materialism that is driven by economic forces and causes large amounts of pollution and environmental degradation is best known as
what is the best illustration of tragedy of the commons?
depletion of an aquifer by regional farmers
negative impacts associated with large-scale hydroelectric projects have been demonstrated in
james bay, quebec
the increase in the size of earths population in the last century has been dramatic. what are two major contributors to this increase?
industrial revolution and modern medicine
natural capital includes all of the following except (sunlight, air, water, soil, nutrients)
when new information of ideas can disprove or overthrow a well-accepted scientific theory it is called
a paradigm shift
a thermostat keeping your house within a certain acceptable temperature range is an example of
which of the following does not illustrate a time delay? (smoker develops lung cancer, fox eats rabbit, CFCs depleat ozone, increase carbon dioxide enhances greenhouse effect)
fox eats rabbit
example of a situation where a long time delay results in environmental degradation include
depletion of ozone layer
when time delays allow a problem to build up until there is a fundamental shift in the behavior of a system, it is called
a tipping point
the community knew the effects of Chemical X alone and Chemical Z alone. they are released into the environment together and caused a massive fish kill. this could be
you are visiting a developing country. compared to a developed country, you would expect to find a
higher percentage of population growth
which of the following best describes environmental degradation?
letting agricultural runoff cause oxygen depletion and fish kills downstream
you generally buy and eat microwave dinners. after dinner, cardboard tops and plastic trays remain. the least effective way to deal with this type of solid-waste problem would be to
collect the components and incinerate them so they dont take up landfill space
pollution cleanup efforts can be ineffective because
all of these- they often transfer pollutants, cost too much to reduce levels, they can be overwhelmed
sustainable development can be distinguished from economic development by its emphasis on
leaving resources in good condition for future generations
when a resource is economically depleted we can
all of these- recycle or reuse existing supplies, waste less, develop substitutes
what is representative of an environmental wisdom worldview?
energy and materials efficiency must continually be improved
in order to make one plastic soda bottle, approximatly 100 liters of crude oil are used, 100 kg of steel,. and 100 liters of water and other materials. this describes what situation?
the low material efficiency of plastic bottles
the least effective way to deal with nondegradable pollutants
remove them from contaminated air, water, or soil
which of the following comparisons of nuclear fission and nuclear fusion is correct?
nuclear fusion is harder to initiate than nuclear fission
a high-throughput economy sustains economic growth by
maximizing the rate of energy and matter sources used
FALSE STATEMENT- matter-recycling society becomes independent of high-quality matter because materials can continue to be recycled
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