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an expression that means something other than the literal meaning of the words: kick the bucket
a word used in place of another word that is viewed as more disagreeable or offensive: adult films instead of pornography
a question added on to then end of a declarative statement that lessons the impact of the statement
juxtaposition of two apparently contradictory phrases that are organized in a parallel structure
T or F. If you are concerned that you may offend you audience with certain words, you can use idioms in place of the disagreeable words.
T or F. Non-inclusive language promotes discrimination and stereotyping, even if the speakers word choices are unintentional
T or F. Similies, metaphors, rhymes, and alliteration are examples of using visual language in a speech.
T or F. Connotative meanings are formal, or literal, meanings - like the definitions you find in dictionaries.
T or F. The problem with labels like "lady lawyer," "man hours" or "chairman" is that they can be perceived as sexist language.
T or F. Your language is likely more formal in everyday speaking than when presenting a speech.
T or F. . It is a good idea to include verbal hedges in your language so your audience will not be offended.
Because of the fleeting nature of spoken language, you need to build redundancy into your speech. You do this through ________.
The meanings of words are arbitrary. This means that
different groups of people have different words that stand for the same thing
Bill looks up the definition of a word in his dictionary. The type of definition he will find there is:
"You had better keep your nose to the grindstone if you are going to finish on time!" This is an example of __________.
Words such as "likely" and "probably" qualify what the speaker is saying and are called _____.
Tag questions and hedges are usually associated with _______.
a speaker's self-doubt,
LaTonna states in her speech, "Seventeen million children in the United States experience hunger each day. How do you suppose it feels to go to bed hungry?" What language technique is LaTonna using to spark her audience imagination?
invitation to imagine
When you choose words in your speeches that do not privilege one group over another, you use ________.
When speakers use the same phrase or wording multiple times to add emphasis, they are using __________.
"The assignment was to collect six sources, don't you think?" is an example of a(n) ___________.
Which of the following guidelines for using language in your speech was suggested in your text?
Choose meaningful words,
Build in redundancy
Sharla made a mistake in her speech but she cannot "take it back," this is an example of which property of language?
language is irreversible
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.'s "I Have a Dream" speech repeats the phrase, "I have a dream..." and this is an example of which language device?
Which of the following help you personalize your language?
Use pronouns "I", "you" and "us",
Discuss shared experiences,
Referring to specific people in the audience
Language that needlessly emphasizes someone's race, class, gender, age, dis/ability, sexual orientation or other marker is likely an example of ____________________.
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