gov ch 13
Terms in this set (66)
Besides the United States, which other nations have congresses?
Most Latin American countries only
The overriding political question throughout the evolution of
Congress has been the
distribution of powers within Congress.
The main reason why the House dominated Congress in the first
quarter of the nineteenth century was the
influence of the party caucus.
All of the following statements concerning the filibuster are correct
Today, it takes 75 Senators to end debate.
The purpose of a filibuster is to
delay action in a legislative body.
All of the following statements concerning term limits are correct
The Supreme Court has struck down a state law limiting terms
of members of state legislatures.
The 1992 and 1994 elections brought scores of new members to the
of the redrawing of congressional districts after the 1990
b. of voter disgust at a variety of political scandals.
c. the South became a Republican stronghold.
Over the past two decades, senators, compared with the average
voter, were consistently more
liberal in the 1970s, conservative in the 1980s.
In recent years, American voters have political beliefs that are
close to the center of the political spectrum.
In recent years, the political beliefs of members of Congress have
more polarized than voters
The best way to understand how Congress carries out its business is
to think of it as
a collection of different kinds of organizations.
The British House of Commons differs most obviously from
Congress in the role played in it by
If you wished to study the real leadership office in the Senate, you
would most likely focus on the
A member of the Senate has just been elected to a position that
requires him to keep the majority leader informed about the opinions
of other party members. He has just been elected
majority party whip.
The most important aspect of the process of selecting Senate
members for key leadership and committee positions is
achieving ideological and regional balance.
The numerical superiority of House representatives over senators carries with it the implication that the
House leadership has more control than the Senate leadership.
Among the many powers of the House Speaker is that he or she
determines the committee assignment of bills.
Compared to the Senate of the 1950s and 1960s, today's Senate can
best be described as
less party centered, less leader oriented, more hospitable to
freshmen, more heavily staffed, and more subcommittee
Votes in Congress that evoked party splits during the 1990s were
most likely to be reflective of
sharp ideological differences between parties.
_____caucuses are formed by groups whose members share a
________ caucuses form around common interests in an issue.
The Congressional Black Caucus is one of the best known
national constituency caucuses.
A coalition of House members who support price supports for
peanuts would be most likely to label themselves a(n)
Most of the power in Congress is found in
A member of Congress who is interested in increasing support for
the aged would be best advised to
get the House or Senate to create a select committee on the
Where is the real work of Congress done?
In the committees in both houses
The type of committee most likely to deal with a bill near the end of
its legislative process is the
Since the 1970s, the chairpersons of House committees have been
The changes brought about by the committee bill of rights in the
early 1970s included the right to have subcommittee jurisdiction
determined by the
majority party members on the committee.
The maximum number of committees that can be chaired by one
The text argues that the effects of congressional measures to ensure
not yet clear
A recent trend in Congress has been for the number of amendments
to proposed laws to
increase, along with the number of individuals offering them.
In the Senate, committees such as Rules and Administration, Small
Business, and Veterans' Affairs are examples of
If you were a newly elected member of Congress interested in
becoming an expert on a particular policy and influencing your
colleagues on this policy, you would probably ask to be assigned to
Ways and Means Committee.
Until the 1990s the most rapidly growing bureaucracy in Washington
was that of
staff members of Congress.
One effect of the growth in congressional staff has been to
generate more legislative work.
Increased reliance on staff has made Congress more
If you are a committee staff member and want to know the status of a
bill, you can get the information most quickly from the
The original purpose of the General Accounting Office (GAO) was
audits of financial records.
The staff agency that advises Congress on the probable economic
effect of different spending programs and the cost of proposed
policies is the
Which of the following statements about the speed with which bills
move through Congress is correct?
It can vary enormously.
Which of the following bills is most likely to pass through Congress
A bill dealing with aid to the handicapped
A bill can be introduced in Congress by
any member of Congress.
The complexity of the procedure for enacting a law gives the
advantage to the bill's
The treatment that Congress gave President Carter's energy plan
passing complex legislation is difficult for Congress.
Which of the following statements about introducing a bill in
Congress is correct?
A bill not passed during the life of one Congress is dead
If a member of the House wants to establish a select committee, he or
she is most likely to be introducing a
Which of the following statements about most joint resolutions is
They require the approval of both houses and the signature of the president
To propose an amendment to the U.S. Constitution, Congress would
have to pass a
Which of the following statements about revenue bills is correct?
They must originate in the House.
A bill to raise taxes would first be referred to the
House Ways and Means Committee.
The trade bill of 1988 was considered by fourteen committees in the
House and nine in the Senate. This illustrates the legislative process
The ________ process allows the Speaker to send a bill to a second
committee after the first committee is finished acting on it.
A mark-up session is one in which
a committee or subcommittee makes changes in the original version of a bill.
A discharge petition is used by the House to
get a bill stalled in committee onto the floor.
All of the following statements concerning discharge petitions are
Discharge petitions are rarely attempted in the House.
If a House bill has just been reported out of committee and its
sponsor is worried that floor amendments will substantially change
it, he or she would be most likely to request a(n)
closed rule from the Rules Committee.
The effect of allowing bills to be debated under open rather than
closed or restrictive rules is to
give greater control to the committees.
Unlike the House, the scheduling of legislation in the Senate is
determined by the majority and minority leaders.
A rider is usually added to a bill to
circumvent or influence presidential action.
A bill that has many nongermane amendments tacked on is called a
christmas tree bill
In the Senate, a filibuster can be ended by invoking
Which of the following statements about the current cloture rule is
It requires three-fifths of the entire Senate membership to pass.
If you wanted to know what a member of Congress really thought
about a bill, you would be best advised to look at how he or she voted
on amendments to the bill.
To find out how members of Congress voted on a particular bill, it is
most useful to have a
roll-call vote or a teller vote.
Which of the following statements about different methods of voting
for a bill in the House and Senate is correct?
Individual votes may or may not be recorded
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