How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

60 terms

Ch. 6 - Urinary System

Exploring Medical Language - Brooks Ch. 6
STUDY
PLAY
List three functions of the urinary system
a. Removes waste from body
b. Regulates fluid volumes
c. Maintains electrolyte concentrations in the body fluid
The urine-producing unit within the urinary system is the
Nephron
Urine is carried from the kidneys to the bladder by the
ureters
The reservoir in the kidney that collects the urine is the
Renal pelvis
The muscular, hollow organ that temporarily holds the urine is the
Urinary bladder
The opening through which urine passes to the outside of the body is the
Urinary meatus
The combining forms that mean kidney are
nephr/o, ren/o
The combining form pyel/o is defined as
renal pelvis
The combining form tom/o is defined as
cut, section
The combining form vesic/o is defined as
Bladder, sac
The combining form that means night is
Noct/i
The combining form that means sugar is
Glyc/o, glycos/o
The combining form that means urea, nitrogen is
Azot/o
The combining form that means stone, calculus is
Lith/o
The word part that means water is
Hydr/o
The prefix poly is defined as
many
The suffix iasis is defined as
condition
The word part for drooping, sagging, prolapse is
-ptosis
The suffix that means suturing, repairing is
-rrhaphy
The suffix that means nourishment, development is
-trophy
The term cystocele is defined as a(n)
Protrusion of the bladder
The term that means abnormal condition of water in the kidney is
hydronephrosis
The term ureterostenosis is defined as a(n)
Narrowing of the ureter
The term nephroptosis is defined as a(n
Drooping of the kidney
The term uremia means
Condition of urea in the blood
The term that means inflammation of the renal pelvis and the kidneys is:
pyelonephritis
The term that means excessive development of the kidney is:
nephrohypertrophy
The term that means a stone in the bladder is:
cystolith
A congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is located on the upper surface of the penis is known as a:
epispadias
The inability of the kidneys to produce urine is called:
Urinary suppression
Another term for renal calculi is
Renal calculus
When a cystorrhaphy is performed, the bladder is:
Suturing the bladder
The term nephrolysis is defined as the:
Separating the kidneys (from other body structures)
The term that means incision of the bladder is:
cystolithotomy
The creation of an artificial opening into the kidney is a:
nephrostomy
The term lithotripsy is defined as:
Surgical crushing of a stone
Surgical fixation of the urethra is called:
urethroplasty
The term pyelolithotomy is defined as the:
Incision of the renal pelvis to remove a stone
The term cystolithotomy is built from which of the following combinations of word parts?
Cyst/o/lith/o/my
A method that is commonly used to remove bladder growths and involves the destruction of living tissue with an electric spark is:
fulguration
X-ray imaging of the bladder and the renal pelvis is called:
cystopyelography
An x-ray image of the renal pelvis is called a:
pyelogram
An instrument used for visual examination of the bladder is called a:
cystoscope
A cystourethrogram is:
Radiographic image of the bladder and the urethra
The term nephrography is defined as the:
Radiographic imaging of the kidney
An x-ray image of the renal pelvis with contrast medium injected through the urethra via cystoscope is called a:
Retrograde urogram
An IVP is the abbreviation for an x-ray film of the:
Urinary tract (with contrast medium)
An instrument used to measure the specific gravity of urine is called a:
Urinometer
Which laboratory procedure(s) are (is) used to measure the concentrating or diluting ability of the kidneys?
Specific gravity (SG)
The term that means scanty urine is:
oliguria
The study of the urinary tract is called:
urology
The term hematuria is defined as:
Blood in the urine
The term that means absence of urine is:
anuria
The term diuresis is built from which of the following combinations of word parts?
Di/ur/esis
The term incontinence means:
Inablilty to control bladder and/or bowels
A flexible, tubelike device for withdrawing or instilling fluids is a:
catheter
The term enuresis is defined as
Involuntary urination
A synonym for urination is:
micturate
An agent that increases the amount of urine produced is called:
diuretic
The term that means pertaining to the force and flow of urine within the urinary tract is:
urodynamic