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What most affects how far ahead you must look, vehicle control, and the distance you need to stop?


Rural roads are

constructed of different types of materials

A warning sign for a curve has a

curved black arrow

Collisions occur at curves because

speed on the approach is too great

An escape path is the opening into which you can move to

avoid a collision with another vehicle

The expressway is defined as a

limited-access or controlled-access highway.

Expressway collisions tend to be more serious than those on other types of roads because

expressway speeds are higher.

What colors are the WRONG WAY or DO NOT ENTER signs?

red and white

Higher speeds on the expressway, multiple lanes to watch, and heavier volumes of traffic

make the Identify step more difficult.

A yellow X on an overhead signal above your lane indicates

the lane will be closed farther ahead

In reduced visibility conditions, you need to work especially hard to gather visual information because

you need more time to respond to hazards

To give yourself more time for IPDE Process at night

look beyond the range of your headlights

When your headlights shine into fog

light if reflected back by water particles

Rain tends to make roadways the slickest

as the rain begins to fall

Hydroplaning occurs when your tires

lose contact with the road

A left front tire blows out. Unless you control the vehicle, what will probably happen?

your vehicle will pull to the left

As you apply the foot brake, the pedal goes to the floor. What should you do first?

Pump the brake pedal three or four times.

If the accelerator sticks and no traffic is present, what might you try to do first?

Pull up the accelerator with your toe.

When total steering failure occurs, you first should

communicate your emergency to others using your horn and emergency flashers

If your headlights fail at night, you should

immediately move off the road.

A person who is influenced by a strong emotion

should not drive until the emotion is under control

An emotional event not related to driving

can affect your driving task

The ability to see things clearly near and far away is

visual acuity

Most people have a field of vision of

about 180 degrees

Carbon monoxide is present in

all exhaust gases from all gasoline engines

Alcohol is a


When people drink alcoholic beverages their

judgment is affected before their coordination

What is the best advice to give to a social drinker planning to drive?

Let a non-drinker drive.

Depressants can make a person

depressed and sleepy

Implied consent means a driver

Agrees to be tested for blood-alcohol concentration

The major expenses of owning and operating a vehicle include

the cost of interest on a loan, operating costs, the purchase price

Paying for oil, gas, maintenance, and repairs are all examples of

operating costs for a vehicle.

A major disadvantage of buying a used vehicle from a private owner is that

there will seldom be a warranty

A state law that requires you to prove you can pay damages you cause in a collision is a

financial responsibility law.

How do you know which type of fuel to buy for your vehicle?

check in the owner's manual

A vehicle's electrical energy is stored in the


Battery fluid is a

strong acid

If the oil pressure warning light or gauge indicates low oil pressure while you are driving,

pull over to the side of the road and shut off the engine.

Ignoring a defect in the exhaust system increases the risk of

carbon-monoxide poisoning

To conserve fuel and extend the life of your vehicle, you should

plan ahead and combine short trips into one slightly long one

The legend on a map indicates

the meaning of symbols and markings

You can get assistance as you prepare for long-distance travel from

an auto or travel club

For long-distance travel, you should plan to drive no longer than how many hours per day?

8 hours

For winter trips, carry extra equipment including

a snow shovel.

A series of sharp turns on a mountain road is called a switchback.


A pull-out area is a place for runaway trucks to stop.


An escape path is an opening into which you drive to avoid a collision.


The entrance ramp is where you try to accelerate to the speed of expressway traffic.


A side-impact collision results in more serious injuries than does a head-on collision.


All drivers, regardless of fault, are required to file a report after a collision when someone was killed or injured


Driver errors cause more emergencies than vehicle malfunctions cause.


Your emotions have little influence on the level of risk you are willing to take.


Temporary illness can affect a driver's risk-taking decisions.


Glare recovery time is needed to regain clear vision after being blinded by glare.


What should you do before braking hard to avoid hitting a small animal?

check the traffic situation

When driving down a mountain road, you should never

shift to NEUTRAL

You should not pass if

you cannot complete the pass before a no passing zone begins

Which roadway marking indicates a no-passing area?

solid yellow line

Maintaining vehicle control at higher speeds

is more difficult than at lower speeds.

When driving through a curve at normal speed,

accelerate gently after entering the curve

Rural highways, especially older ones, tend to present

roadside hazards

Velocitation means

thinking the car is traveling slower than it really is

If the expressway has three lanes going in your direction, you should change

only one lane at a time

When there is a speed limit sign on an exit ramp, you

should not exceed the posted speed

The expressway interchange differs from a normal intersection because

vehicles can enter and leave an expressway without interfering with the flow of traffic

When is it permissible to back up on an entrance ramp or on an expressway?


If the entrance ramp enters the expressway from the left, you will enter the

left expressway lane

The area in an expressway entrance ramp where you increase speed to that of expressway traffic is the

acceleration lane

When you move into the deceleration lane, you should

slow to the exit ramp speed.

Never remove a radiator cap on a hot engine because

the hot liquid inside can scald you

When driving in snow, you should use

low-beam headlights and reduced speed.

When driving at night with no other vehicles present, use the

high beam headlights

Under normal driving conditions at night, your stopping distance is

the range of your headlights

Use your high-beam headlights only

when vehicles are more than one-half mile in front of you

If you use high-beam headlights in snow, rain, or fog, you will have

more light reflected back in your eyes.

In all high-wind situations

steering can be difficult

You are halfway through a curve you entered too fast. You should now accelerate moderately to

help stabilize your vehicle

You are driving in traffic. The engine of your automatic transmission vehicle stalls. You should

shift to NEUTRAL

If your accelerator pedal is flat on the floor, the problem may be

a broken accelerator spring

Your brakes fail. You pump the brake three or four times. The brakes still do not hold. What should you do next?

Downshift to the lowest gear

What is the cause of most passenger-compartment fires?

careless use of matches, lighters, or tobacco products

When threatened with a head-on collision, you should

slow down as much as possible.

Which action should you take first if the accelerator sticks while you are driving?

Kick the side of the accelerator once to jar it free

If your engine dies, causing a loss of power steering, what is the result?

you need to exert more effort to steer

While driving at 50 mph, you have a blowout of the left rear tire. Your first reaction should be to

handle the blowout like a skid

Your vehicle is stalled on the railroad tracks. In what direction should you run when you abandon your vehicle?

away from the tracks in the direction the train is approaching

Most drivers with permanent disabilities understand their disability may put them at a

higher level of risk.

The emotion that occurs more often to more drivers is


Night blindness means a driver

cannot see well when driving at night

To prevent exposure to carbon monoxide and its effects, you should

check the vehicle's exhaust system regularly

Coping with emotions while driving includes

anticipating emotion-producing situations

What are the parts of the highway transportation system (HTS)?

People, vehicles, and roadways, People, vehicles, and roadways

Driving is a social task because

drivers must interact with each other.

What IPDE step do you use when you apply the brake to stop?


Which aspect of driving is most affected by attitudes?

driver behavior

To manage the effects of vehicles on the environment

use fuel-efficient driving methods.

The purpose of traffic signs are

to regulate, to warn, to guide

Most warning signs are


Interstate highways are identified on signs with what kind of shape?


Your traffic light changes to yellow as you approach an intersection. In most cases, what action should you take?

Make every reasonable effort to stop

You can make sure that warning lights are working by

turning the ignition switch on

Adjust a safety belt so it

fits snugly

Driving in OVERDRIVE saves fuel and

can be used in all normal forward driving.

When starting a car with an automatic transmission, the selector lever should be in

Park (P) or Neutral (N).

You are starting a stick-shift car. Your left foot should be on the

clutch pedal.

The driving task is primarily a

thinking task

When you apply the IPDE Process, you may decide to

change speed, change direction, or communicate with others

What is the Smith System?

an organized method to help develop good seeing habits.

How many zones of space surrounding your vehicle are incorporated in the Zone Control System?


How many search ranges need to be evaluated in your path of travel?


A space cushion is

an open area of space all around a vehicle

Executing in the IPDE Process primarily involves

physical skills

The best way to send and receive messages to and from other roadway users is to

communicate by using your lights and/or horn

When you accelerate and steer at the same time, you are

executing a combination of actions

The force that pulls objects toward the center of the earth is


Energy of motion is another way of expressing

Kinetic energy

The gripping action that keeps a tire from slipping on the roadway is called


In wet weather, with temperatures near the freezing point

a bridge roadway freezes before a highway roadway.

Which statement best describes reaction time?

it averages 3/4 of a second.

To steer straight forward, look

far ahead toward the center of your intended path

Just before beginning any lane-change maneuver

check to see that the roadway ahead has no obstructions

Making proper turns depends on

steering and speed control

A turnabout maneuver is risky because

you cross or back into one or more lanes of traffic

Angle parking begins with your vehicle

at least six feet from a row of parked vehicles.

The chance of a collision is greatest at

an intersection

When turning, your last check is

in the direction of your intended path of travel

An intersection with a left-turn light, a green arrow, or a delayed green light has

A protected left turn

The sign for a railroad crossing is a

round, yellow sign

You plan to cross an intersection, but your vision is blocked by parked vehicles. You should look

left, right, and ahead as you creep forward

What happens when you pass a large truck during rain or snow?

borth traction & visibility are decreased

Injuries and deaths from motorcycle collisions are primarily from

the exposed position of the rider

Why are motorcyclists often difficult to see behind your vehicle?

The relativley small size of the motorcycle is lost in your blind-spot area

Mopeds and some motor scooters are restricted from

Certain high-speed highways

The pedestrians most at risk are

children and older persons

Why is city driving more difficult than driving in other environments?

There are more hazards, and you have to deal with them more frequently.

What is a space cushion?

the distance between your vehicle and the vehicle ahead

A driver that follows too closely is called a


What is your following distance when you have identified a tailgater?

four seconds

Riding the brake might cause the driver following you to assume that you

are going to slow or stop.

When you are locating potential hazards, you are predicting.


The highway transportation system is a complex system that includes people, vehicles, and roadways.


The death rate for drivers and passengers is much higher among teens than any other age groups.


A traffic light, arrow, flashing signal, lane signal, and pedestrian signal are all called warning signals.


Lines, words, and figures painted on the roadway are called roadway markings.


Double clutching occurs when you drive with your foot resting on the clutch pedal.


The odometer indicates trouble in a car's electrical system.


You are compromising space when you reduce risk by giving as much space as possible to the greater of two or more hazards.


Your sight distance is the path that is free of hazard.


Your field of vision is the area you can see around you while looking straight ahead.


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