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Foundations Chapter 7 Vocabulary and Important Terms
Terms in this set (18)
local school boards
delegated and assume significant decision-making responsibility in local school systems
the requirement that meetings of government agencies can be open to the public, in many states. (The "From Preservice to Practice" feature describes an open executive meeting).
superintendent versus school board
chief executive officer of the school system, whereas the board is the legislative policy-making body.
central office staff
assists the superintendent. Consists of a deputy superintendent, associate superintendents, assistant superintendents, directors, department heads, and coordinators and supervisors -- each with their own support staff. (smaller school systems usually have smaller bureaucratic staff)
a single administrative officer who is responsible for school operations.
3 categories of community involvement
community participation, community control, community schools
involves advisory committees at either the neighborhood school or central board level. These committees are commonly appointed by school officials and offer the school board help and advice.
Contain citizen groups.
an elected community council or board does more than offer advice--it shares decision-making power with the central school board
local school councils (LSCs)
members are elected to two year terms
the councils are responsible for approving how funds and resources are allocated, developing and monitoring school improvement plans, and monitoring and evaluating the school's principal.
Chicago Public Schools have practiced this since the 1990s
the local school board or state board of education grants a community group or private organization a charter (contract listing specific rights, privileges, and expectations) that permits the group to establish and operate a public school.
the school serves as a partner, or coordinating agency, in providing educational, health, social, family support, recreational, and cultural activities to the community.
Designed to increase student achievement and create a safe and supportive environment.
small schools of choice (SSC)
schools containing no more than 100 students per grade
consolidation school districts
increase enrollment through population growth
(like when smaller schools combine into larger ones)
intermediate unit or regional educational service agency (RESA)
- refers to an office or agency in a middle position between the state department of education and the local school districts
- provides coordination and supplementary services to local districts, and it links local and state educational authorities
state board of education
- usually the most influential and important state education agency
- depends on state legislature for appropriations and authority and serves an advisory function for the legislature.
- most develop the rules to implement the education statutes enacted by the legislature
state department of education
- usually operate under the direction of the state board of education and are administered by a chief of state officer
- implement the laws of the state legislature and the regulations of the state board
chief of state school officer (also known as the state superintendent or commissioner of education)
heads the state department of education and is also the chief executive of the state school board.
adequate yearly progress
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