32 terms

personality chapter

Self-report Inventory
Psychological test in which individuals answer questions about themselves, useally by responding yes or no or true or false.
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)
The most widely researched and clinically used of all personality tests. Originally developed to identify emotional disorders (still considered its most appropriate use), this test is now used for many other screening purposes.
California Psychological Inventory (CPI)
Personality inventory based on MMPI
"sane person's personality inventory"
oriented towards high school and college students
dominance, sociability, self-control, femininity Served from the basis of the MMPI
Projective tests
Psychological tests that invlolve the unstructured stiluli., in which examinees are shown a standard set of ambiguous stimuli and asked to respond to the stimuli in their own way.
Thematic apperception test
projective test that uses 20 pictures of people in ambiguous situations as the visual stimuli which took place in Harvard in 1935 through black and white pictures
Rorschach Inkblot test
the most widely used projective test, a set of 10 inkblots, designed by Hermann Rorschach in 1921 ; seeks to identify people's inner feelings by analyzing their interpretations of the blots.
Freuds Structure of mind
ego, superego, and id
The most basic element in personality; The source of insticts and operates on the pleasure prinicple
The element in mind that operates according to the reality principle and serves to satisfy the id and the superego
The element of mind that incorperates parental and societal standards in what is commonly refered to as the conscience as well as the idealistic ego ideal
Psychodynamic term used to describe primarily unconcious methods of reducing anxiety or guilt that results from conflicts among the id, ego, superego They can be both helpful and harmful
in psychoanalytic theory, the basic defense mechanism that banishes anxiety-arousing thoughts, feelings, and memories from consciousness.
Reforming to forms of behavior that are indicative of an earlier level of delvolopement such as childhood An example of this is an adult proforming a temper tantrum
Refusing to accept an undesirable experience, memory, or internal need that is anxiety-arosuing and behaving as if it did not exsist. An example is Karl Rove dening that obama got elected fair and square
Shifting feelings from one object to a substitute that is not as plasure to the mind but has less anxioity.
A form of displacement in which a sexual or aggresive strength that is moved from an unacceptible object to one that is acceptible and ultimitely has value to socity. An example is helping rebuild houses for victims of huricane sandy.
Reaction formation
Defending against unacceptible feelings and behavior by exhibiting the opposite of one's true wishes or impulses An example is being against the uncesoredness of nudity and inaproprite movies.
Atributing to others unwanted feelings, thoughts and behaviors An example is blaming others for your mistakes.
Proposing socialy accpetible feelings or reasons in place of actual, unacceptible feelings for reasons of behavior. An example is you make exuses for faling exams
Julian Rotter's social learning theory
Theory that learning occurs through watching and imitating the beahaviors of others.
locus of control
Interal vs external, Whether the person sees his or her behavior as controlled by external factors (external locus) or internal forces (internal locus)
Albert Bandura's Social congnitive theory
Baesed on limitation consisted of reciprocal determinism and self efficacy
Reciprocal determinism
Contention that person varibles, situation variables and their behavior constantly interact
refers to one's belief about one's ability to perform behaviors that should lead to expected outcomes
Hierarchy of needs
Maslow's Theory of Motivation which states that we must achieve lower level needs, such as food, shelter, and safety before we can achieve higher level needs, such as belonging, esteem, and self-actualization.
Unconditional Positive Regard
Carl Rogers noticed a difference with the real self and iedal self. Which the real self for who they really are is different from the ideal self which is who people want you to become
The big five traits of personality
Consit of extravison aggreableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism and the openness to experienmce
A personality dimension describing someone who is sociable, gregarious, and assertive.
A personality dimension that describes someone who is good natured, cooperative, and trusting.
a personality dimension that describes someone who is responsible, dependable, persistent, and organized
Part of the Big-Five model, the trait of being self-conscious and anxious.
openness to experience
One of the "Big Five" dimensions of personality reflecting traits like being curious, imaginative, creative, complex, refined, and sophisticated