Chief Justice of the Supreme Court who expanded the power of the national government and established the principle of Judicial Review
McCulloch v. Maryland
1819 Supreme Court decision that established the principle of national supremacy; the Federal government may overrule state laws when the two conflict. *It stated that the Bank of the United States WAS constitutional.
Gibbons v. Ogden
A Supreme Court decision of 1824 which stated that Congress cannot regulate trade within one state, but has the power to regulate trade from one state to another, that is, interstate commerce.
To settle the issue regarding an even balance between the number of slave and free states when Missouri was to be admitted as a slave state, this agreement admitted Maine as a free state
A strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country
An artificial waterway connecting the Hudson River at Albany with Lake Erie
The policy statement in 1823, warning western European nations that the western hemisphere was closed to further colonization and they should not interfere with the newly independent nations of Latin America.
7th President Opposed Calhoun and nullification of 1828 tariff Supported Native American removal policy Used spoils system to give jobs to supporters
The awarding of government jobs or the granting of favors or advantages by government officials to political supporters and workers. The term was coined during the administration of Andrew Jackson.
John C. Calhoun
South Carolina Senator - advocate for state's rights, limited government, and nullification
Tariff of Abominations
Tariff passed by Congress in 1828 that favored manufacturing in the North and was hated by the South
Indian Removal Act
A congressional act that authorized the removal of Native Americans who lived east of the Mississippi River
Worchester v. Georgia
A case in which the United States Supreme Court ruled that Native Americans were entitled to federal protection from the actions of state governments. Both President Jackson and Congress ignored the ruling.
Trail of Tears
800-mile forced march made by the Cherokee from their homeland in Georgia to Indian Territory; resulted in the deaths of almost one-fourth of the Cherokee people