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SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY CHAPTER 13
Terms in this set (19)
A hostile or negative attitude toward people in a distinguishable group, based solely on their membership in that group.
A generalization about a group of people, in which certain traits are assigned to virtually all members of the group, regardless of actual variation among the members.
The tendency to see relationships, or correlations, between events that are actually unrelated.
Unjustified negative or harmful action toward a member of a group solely because of his or her membership in that group.
Outwardly acting unprejudiced while inwardly maintaining prejudiced attitudes.
The case wherein people have an expectation about what another person is like, which influences how they act toward that person, which causes that person to behave consistently with people's original expectations, making the expectations come true
The apprehension experienced by members of a group that their behavior might confirm a cultural stereotype.
Practices that discriminate, legally or illegally, against a minority group by virtue of its ethnicity, gender, culture, age, sexual orientation or other target of societal or company prejudice.
Racist attitudes that are held by the vast majority of people living in a society where stereotypes and discrimination are the norm.
The tendency to go along with the group in order to fulfill the group's expectations and gain acceptance.
The perception that individuals in the out-group are more similar to each other (homogeneous) than they really are, as well as more similar than members of the in-group are.
Ultimate Attribution Error
The tendency to make dispositional attributions about an entire group of people.
Blaming the Victim
The tendency to blame individuals (make dispositional attributions) for their victimization, typically motivated by a desire to see the world as a fair place.
Realistic Conflict Theory
The idea that limited resources lead to conflict between groups and results in increased prejudice and discrimination.
The tendency for individuals, when frustrated or unhappy, to displace aggression onto groups that are disliked, visible and relatively powerless.
The situation that exists when to or more groups need to depend on one another to accomplish a goal that is important to each of them.
A classroom setting designed to reduce prejudice and raise the self-esteem of children by placing them in small, desegregated groups and making each child dependent on the other children in the group to learn the course material and do well in the class.
Mental structures people use to organize their knowledge about the social world around themes or subjects and that influence the information people notice, think about, and remember
The extent to which schemas and concepts are at the forefront of people's minds and are therefore likely to be used when we are making judgments about the social world
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