Create an account
The religion that worships in a synagogue, reads the Torah, and is still waiting for the Messiah.
A monotheistic religion based on the teachings of Muhammad and the writings of the Qur'an, the Muslim holy book.
The , for Jews, the holiest site in Jersalem; the only remaing portion of the Second Temple, built in 538 B.C. and destroyed in A.D. 70 by Romans
A teacher and prophet whose life and teachings form the basis of Christianity, and the savior to all Christians
Make a declaration of faith, pray five times daily, give to charity, fast from sunrise to sunset during Ramadan, pilgrimage to Mecca
The sacred writings of Islam revealed by God to the prophet Muhammad during his life at Mecca and Medina
90% of Muslims, main branch of Islam; Majority sect in Islam; leaders chosen by the community based on religious knowledge and moral character
A member of the branch of Islam that regards Ali as the legitimate successor to Mohammed and rejects the first three caliphs
A territory along the Mediterranean Sea just northeast of the Sinai Peninsula; part of land set aside for Palestinians, which was occupied by Israel in 1967
In Israel, a strip of land on the west side of the Jordan River, originally controlled by Jordan, which is part of the land set aside for Arab Palestinians
A member of a movement known as Zionism, founded to promote the establishment of an independent Jewish state.
A high-ranking Shiite religious leader who is regarded as an authority on religious law and its interpretation and who has political power as well
A region that was formerly part of Southwest Syria that Israel has occupied since 1967 war.
A form of government where religious leaders control the government, relying on religious law and consultation with religious scholars
An organization of countries formed in 1961 to agree on a common policy for the production and sale of petroleum
A political movement uniting Palestinian Arabs in an effort to create an independent state of Palestine; Palestinian Liberation Organization
First civilization located between the Tigris & Eurphrates Rivers in present day Iraq; term means "land between the rivers"
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
Having trouble? Click here for help.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again
Reload the page to try again!Reload
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.
For more help, see our troubleshooting page.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.
Star this term
You can study starred terms together