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36 terms

SW ASIA Culture/Terms

Quiz on the culture notes and terminology list.
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Monotheistic
Believing that there is only one god
Judaism
The religion that worships in a synagogue, reads the Torah, and is still waiting for the Messiah.
Christianity
A religion based on the teachings of Jesus, as recorded in the New Testament
Islam
A monotheistic religion based on the teachings of Muhammad and the writings of the Qur'an, the Muslim holy book.
Judea
Ancient kingdom of the Jews, located approximately where the present day country of Israel is
Temple Mount
Holy site for the Jews, destroyed twice
Western Wall
The , for Jews, the holiest site in Jersalem; the only remaing portion of the Second Temple, built in 538 B.C. and destroyed in A.D. 70 by Romans
Jesus Christ
A teacher and prophet whose life and teachings form the basis of Christianity, and the savior to all Christians
5 Pillars
Make a declaration of faith, pray five times daily, give to charity, fast from sunrise to sunset during Ramadan, pilgrimage to Mecca
Hajj
The pilgrimage to the city of Mecca that all muslims have to make once in their lives
Koran/Qur'an
The sacred writings of Islam revealed by God to the prophet Muhammad during his life at Mecca and Medina
1948
Year that the United Nations split Palestine into two nations (Palestine & Israel)
Arab
Ethnic group that dominates the Middle East and northern Africa
Non-Arab Countries
SW Asian countries that do not share an Arabic heritage (Israel, Turkey, Iran)
Nomad
A person who moves from place to place rather than settling permanently
Largest portion of SW Asian population is
Under the age of 15 years old
Prayer Rug
A small rug used by Muslims during their devotions
Mosaic
A picture made up of small pieces of tile, glass, or colored stone
Calligraphy
Art of beautiful handwriting (Arabic or Chinese)
Arid
Being without moisture; extremely dry; parched. Climate of the majority of SW Asia
Sunni Muslim
90% of Muslims, main branch of Islam; Majority sect in Islam; leaders chosen by the community based on religious knowledge and moral character
Sh'ia Muslim
A member of the branch of Islam that regards Ali as the legitimate successor to Mohammed and rejects the first three caliphs
Gaza Strip
A territory along the Mediterranean Sea just northeast of the Sinai Peninsula; part of land set aside for Palestinians, which was occupied by Israel in 1967
West Bank
In Israel, a strip of land on the west side of the Jordan River, originally controlled by Jordan, which is part of the land set aside for Arab Palestinians
Zionist
A member of a movement known as Zionism, founded to promote the establishment of an independent Jewish state.
Ayatollah
A high-ranking Shiite religious leader who is regarded as an authority on religious law and its interpretation and who has political power as well
Jihad
A holy struggle or striving by a Muslim for a moral or spiritual or political goal
Golan Heights
A region that was formerly part of Southwest Syria that Israel has occupied since 1967 war.
Wadi
A gully or streambed in the Middle East that remains dry except during the rainy season
Mosque
(Islam) a Muslim place of worship
Theocratic
A form of government where religious leaders control the government, relying on religious law and consultation with religious scholars
OPEC
An organization of countries formed in 1961 to agree on a common policy for the production and sale of petroleum
PLO
A political movement uniting Palestinian Arabs in an effort to create an independent state of Palestine; Palestinian Liberation Organization
Kurds
An ethnic group in SW Asia, located in Turkey, Iraq, and Iran
Mesopotamia
First civilization located between the Tigris & Eurphrates Rivers in present day Iraq; term means "land between the rivers"
Taliban
Fundamentalist Muslim group, gained power, restored order, but imposed an extreme form of Islam on Afghanistan, supported al-Qaeda