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DH141: Patient Education
Terms in this set (75)
Steps of Dental Hygiene Process of Care
assessment, diagnosis, planning, implementation, evaluation, documentation
DH process of care step where subjective data, risk factors, overall health status, patient knowledge of oral health, and documentation of assessment data is analyzed
the oral risk assessment involves ___ and ___ health data to determine clinical oral risk and plan interventions
the probability an event will occur or the probability of a person experiencing a change in health status over time
8 risk factors
periodontal infections, systemic conditions, dental caries, oral cancer, tobacco use, poor oral hygiene, heavy calculus, bleeding upon probing
DH process of care step where data is analyzed, and health behaviors and oral health concerns are IDENTIFIED
the dental hygiene diagnosis serves which function?
provides a basis for planning interventions
DH process of care step where priorities are established, goals are set, interventions are determined, along with recommendations and prognosis
T/F Prognosis should be given with caution as to not give them false hope
what is the sequence of care?
urgency, existing etiologic factors, severity and extent of condition
What is the sequence of presenting the dental hygiene care plan?
present to faculty, discuss with patient, obtain informed consent
____ strategies STOP the disease process
____ strategies PREVENT the disease process from occurring
Which DH process of care involves providing demonstration, showing methods for self evaluation, and providing instruction over SEVERAL appointments?
implementation and evaluation
how would you evaluate PROGRESSIVE changes in patient goal evaluation?
assess patient compliance, record dental biofilm score, note improvement in probe findings
In patient goal evaluation, you measure how well a patient achieved their ____, form an _____ statement to document patient status, and identify factors related to success or failure
T/F motivation is ACTION toward behavioral changes
what are the 5 motivation theories?
self efficacy theory, locus of control, transtheoretical, theory of reasoned action, health belief model
which theory is the belief that actions will effect the outcome
self efficacy theory
which theory is the perception of personal control over issues (do we believe we have control over changing?)
locus of control
which theory relies on knowledge, personal values, and two types of behavioral beliefs?
theory of reasoned action
which theory is a continuum of predictable steps?
what are the 5 steps in the transtheoretical theory in order from first to last?
pre contemplation, contemplation, preparation, action, maintenance, termination
what is patient-centered communication alternative that can help increase a patients engagement in his/her own oral care and strengthen commitment to health related behavioral changes?
T/F in motivational interviewing, the clinician is in control of the conversation
T/F in motivational interviewing, the clinician has to understand that readiness for change occurs in stages
T/F motivational interviewing is designed to be persuasive, not supportive
T/F in motivational interviewing, patient resistance IS addressed
What are the types of models of health and behavior?
treatment oriented, prevention oriented, and health promotion oriented
T/F the treatment oriented model is a model we as clinicians try to implement
Which model of health and health behavior is based on the definition that health is the absence of disease?
treatment oriented model
Which model of health and health behavior promotes passive treatment?
treatment oriented model
Which model of health and health behavior involves engaging in a particular health behavior and is dependent about the patients beliefs on their susceptibility, how disease will impact their life, and whether benefits of good health behavior outweighs barriers?
health belief model of prevention oriented model
what are the two types of prevention oriented health models?
health belief and agent host environment
Which model of health and health behavior employs a web of causation and consists of 3 levels of prevention?
agent host environment of prevention oriented model
what are the 3 levels of prevention in the agent host environment model?
primary, secondary, tertiary
Primary prevention is health promotion. What is an example of this?
Secondary prevention is early detection. What is an example of this?
Tertiary prevention is rehabilitation. What is an example of this?
Which level of prevention is initial contact for a given episode of illness that leads to a detection regarding a course of action to solve the health problem?
which level of prevention is the provision of a specialized medical service by a physician specialist or a hospital referral by a primary health provider?
which level of prevention is specialized, highly technical level of health care that include diagnosis and disability in sophisticated, large research and teaching hospitals?
wellness movement that focuses on creating an environment that enable people to have increased control over their health
health promotion paradigm
T/F Maslow's hierarchy of needs in a triangle of basic human needs identifies and assigned by priority
T/F Maslow's triangle exhibits most basic and imperative needs at the top and the least at the bottom
What are the five categories of Maslow's hierarchy of needs from the most to least basic?
physiologic needs, safety and security, love and belonging, self esteem, self actualization
T/F Learning occurs when patients understand concepts, change their beliefs, motivated to practice good oral habits, received thorough instructions, and incorporate changes in everyday living
unawareness, awareness, self interest, involvement, action, and habit are the steps in order to what?
what are the 3 learning domains?
cognitive, affective, psychomotor
which learning domain involves knowledge and intellectual ability and skill?
which learning domain involves attitudes, values, interests, and appreciation?
which learning domain involves motor skills?
T/F the first lesson with patients is when you set goals and provide instruction and demonstration. The second lesson is when you evaluate how they do
T/F reading material, models, and disclosing tablets are all teaching aids
what is the purpose of using disclosing solution?
patient self assessment, personalized patient instruction, continuing evaluation of effectiveness
expression of clinical observation in numerical value
indices are standardized methods for _____
an educational program that attempts to improve, maintain, and safe guard the health of the patient
activities designed to promote oral and general health of the patient
activities designed to protect patients or other members of the public from actual or potential health threats and their harmful consequences
this type of communication is within oneself
this type of communication occurs between two people or in small group sessions ****central to dental hygiene process
this type of communication is within large groups
what are the 3 types of communication?
interpersonal, interpersonal, public
what are some barriers to patient communication?
insufficient knowledge, lack of interest, information overload, poor communication skills, etc.
The acronym for verbal education is CARE... what does this stand for?
comfort, acceptance, responsiveness, empathy
non verbal communication involves what 3 things?
kinesic behavior, touch, paralanuage
what are some therapeutic communication techniques?
maintaining silence, listening attentively, conveying acceptance, asking related questions, paraphrasing, clarifying, focusing, stating observations, offering information, summarizing, active listening
what are some interpersonal attending skills?
eye contact, body orientation, posture, silence, following cues, distance, distractions
what are some NON therapeutic communication techniques?
giving an opinion, offering false reassurance, being defensive, asking why, changing subject inappropriately
the extent to which a patients behavior coincides with medical or health advice
___ and cognitive changes present a communication challenge
When a caregiver is present, you should communicate with who?
the caregiver and the patient
when a caregiver is present, who should you make eye contact with?
T/F when a caregiver is present, you should encourage the caregiver to allow patient independence when possible
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