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Us History: WW1
Terms in this set (36)
not taking a side
a system of fighting where armies fought for yards of ground
was a british ship carrying over 100 Americans that was sunk by German U-Boats and in which most people died
the Zimmerman note
a telegram sent from the German foreign minister to the ambassador in Mexico proposing an alliance between Germany and Mexico
what did the Germans say they would do in exchange for Mexican support?
they would help Mexico gain back texas, and other lands
france, britain, russia
germany, austria-hungary, italy
who designed the treaty of versailles?
Clemenceau of France, George of Britain, Orlando of Italy, Wilson of the US
how many nations did the treaty of versailles create?
what are some examples of nations that were created by the treaty of versailles?
poland, finland, estonia, latvia, lithiana, prussia, czechoslovakia, yugoslavia, and parts of the ottoman empire
what were germany's two penalities?
had to pay $33 billion to the allies and was not allowed to have a large military
wilsons plan for world peace
league of nations
an international organization that would settle and discus disagreements without war
M.A.I.N. causes of the war
militarism, alliances, imperialism, nationalism
reasons why the US joined WW1
the Zimmerman Note and the sinking of Lusitania
Results of WW1
treaty of versailles and many killed
made it illegal to interfere with military recruitment and authorized the interception of mailing materials that were considered harmful to the war effort
the sedition act
made it illegal to say bad things about the war effort
what amendment did the sedition act violate?
the first amendment: freedom of speech
example of roosevelt's big stick diplomacy
world tour of the great white fleet
example of taft's dollar diplomacy
loans and investments in latin america
example of wilson's moral diplomacy
did not recognize Huerta's oppressive government in Mexico until it was replaced
biased communication designed to influence people's thoughts and actions
how was propaganda used during WW1?
to promote the war and get people to support it
who was a big influence on the amount of propaganda?
how did Americans feel toward immigrants during WW1?
they turned anti-german and turned down jobs, work, and opportunities to this nationality
what was a main way that the US made money during WW1?
through the sale of Liberty Loan and Victory Loan bonds
Schenck v. US
Can limit free speech when there is a "clear and present danger"
the Great Migration
the large scale movement of African Americans from the South to the North
what were the effects of WW1 on African Americans?
they were able to move to the North to get factory jobs away from discrimination
what were the effects of WW1 on women?
women moved into jobs that had formally been men's work, e.g. railroad workers, dockworkers, etc.
treaty of varsailles
created nine new nations and gave some of these nations to the Allies to govern some places until they could govern themselves, kept Germany from creating an army, and made Germany return land to france and pay war damageds of $33 billion
the policy in which stronger nations extend their economic, political, or military control over weaker territories
what were the reasons for US imperialism?
desire for military strength, thirst for new markets, belief in cultural superiority
what did anti-imperialists believe?
it wasn't right for the US to rule other people without their consent
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