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43 terms

health class vocab.

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wellness
actively making healthy decisions that improve your life
life expectancy
the number of years a person is expected to live
quality of life
how much satisfaction a person gets from life
fraud
when a person tells lies to obtain money or property
quackery
people who sell useless medical treatments
health literacy
ability to gather, understand and use health info to improve lifestyle
nutrition
the study of what people eat and their habits
calorie
a unit of energy produced by food used by the body
amino acids
building blocks of protein
simple carbohydrates
the sugars that are fast acting and give short bursts of energy
complex carbohydrates
the starces that are slow acting and give long, solid burst of energy
cholesterol
a fatty, waxy substance found in animal products
diet
limits starvation
vegetarian
a diet excluding meat
vegan
a diet excluding meat and animal products
diet pills
not tested for safety or effectivness, false!! don't help loose weight!
basal metabolic rate
amount of energy used for sleeping
calorie
a measure of energy in food
antioxidant
nutrients in our diet that can prevent or slow oxidation damage to the body
overweight
more body fat than healthy for the human body
obesity
excessively high amounts of body fat
anorexia
a serious mental illness that causes a person to starve themselves
bulimia
mental ilness that causes a person to feel empty so they binge and purge
independant drug interaction
drugs/ alcohals have no effect on eachother
antagonistic drug interaction
drugs/ alcohal effects cancel eachother out
additice drug interaction
effects of mixed drugs/ alcohals increase
synergestic drug interaction
multiplies the effects of mixed drugs- makes them far greater
drug abuse
intentionally using a drug for purposes other than its intention
drug misuse
unintentionally, inappropriate use of drug
potency
strength of drug
tolerance
when more of a drug is needed to achieve the same effect
amenorrhea
the abnormal absense or stopping of menustration
adolescence
the period from about age 12 to 19 during which a child gradually changes into an adult
chromosomes
the tiny structures found within cells that carry information about inherited characteristics
fertilization
the process of a sperm joing with an egg
menstruation
discharge of blood and other materials lasting four to seven days
ovulation
the process during which one of the ovaries releases a ripened egg
placenta
the structure that holds the embryo to the wall of the uteris
umbilical cord
the cord-like structure that connects the embryo to the placenta
estrogen
the female sex hormone that signals certain physical changes of puberty
menopause
the time of life during which the ovaries slow down their hormone production and no longer release mature eggs
sea section
the sergical method of birth
menstral cycle
the process during which an overy releases a mature egg that ravels to the uterus, if the egg is not fertilized, the uterine lining is shed and a new cycle begins