I am preparing for a test in psychology, and I tell you, "I'm sure that I'm going to fail. I'm going to study all night, and I'll just be happy with anything higher than a C." You are preparing for the same test and you say, "Oh, come on. We've been going to lecture and keeping up with the reading—we just need to review everything tonight and I'm sure we'll do well on the test." Research on pessimistic and optimistic strategies would predict that
we will get about the same grade.