39 terms

Chapter 13

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Terms in this set (...)

Intellectual property rights
rights to which creators of original creative works are entitled
copyright
a form of protection available to the creator of original artistic or literary works
- Last until 70 years after creator's death
trademark
the word, phrase, symbol, or design that identifies goods or services
Patents
protect inventions
- Last for 20 years
Digital rights management (DRM) software
used to protect and manage the rights of creators of digital
content such as art, music, photographs, movies
Cybersquatting
is registering a domain name with the intent to profit from the goodwill of another trademark
Ethics
refers to overall standards of moral conduct. Can vary with individual and religious beliefs, country,
race, or culture
Computer ethics
Concern moral conduct related to computer use
Business ethics
Guide an individual's workplace behavior
Ethical use of Copyright Material: books and web-based articles, music, movies, e-books, and
software
Need to properly credit sources to avoid plagiarism
Plagiarism
the act of presenting someone else's work as your own
Code of conduct
Policy that specifies allowable use of resources by students
or employees
Code of ethics
Policy, typically for an industry or organization, that specifies overall moral guidelines adopted by that industry or organization
Be familiar with use of resources and information: school and company resources, employee and
customer information, cheating and falsifying information
Businesses need to adhere to the law but there are gray
areas where decisions regarding ethical use of employee
and customer information need to be made
• Need to weigh initial benefits (revenue, etc.) with
potential costs (loss of good will, reduced customer
support in the long run)
Cheating at all levels of school is rampant
- Includes texting answers during exams, storing notes on
smartphones, etc.
- Can be reduced by academic honor codes
• Résumé padding is considered unethical by most companies
- Many companies will terminate employees who were hired
based on falsified résumés or applications
- Other possible consequences include blacklisting from a
industry or being sued for breach of contract
online hoax
an inaccurate statement or story spread through the use of
computers
Digital manipulation
refers to digitally altering text, images, photographs, music, and other digital content
Be familiar with Ethical Business Practices and Decision Making: Fraudulent reporting and other
scandalous activities, ethically questionable business decisions, ethically questionable products or
services, workplace monitoring, and cultural considerations
Fraudulent reporting and other scandalous activities
- Forced Enron and WorldCom into bankruptcy
- Resulted in the passing of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
• Includes provisions to improve the quality of financial
reporting, independent audits, and accounting services for
public companies
• Ethics-related business decisions
- Whether or not to implement a business process or decision that
is ethically questionable
• Marriott blocking Internet access to conference attendees to
force them to buy Internet access from the hotel
Most businesses monitor employees to some extent
- Most believe there is an ethical responsibility to inform
employees of the types of monitoring that may occur
- Notification is especially prevalent in countries other than
the United States (the EU has limits on the types of
monitoring that can be done without employee
notification)
Repetitive stress injury (RSI)
- hand, wrist, shoulder, or neck pain associated with repetitive movements
Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS)
painful and crippling hand and wrist condition from keyboard use
DeQuervain's tendonitis
painful condition affecting tendons on the wrist from the use of mobile device keyboards
Ergonomics
the science of fitting a work environment to the people who work there
Workspace design
the design of a safe and an effective computer workspace
Docking station:
Designed to connect a portable computer to peripheral devices more easily
Ergonomic hardware
can help avoid physical problems or alleviate discomfort of existing problems
Good User Habits and Precautions
Finger and wrist exercises
• Frequent breaks
• Rotating tasks
• Close curtains
• Refocus eyes
• Increase font size and light
levels
• Computer glasses
What are some of the Emotional Health problems brought by technology?
Stress, Burnout
Burnout
a state of fatigue or frustration brought on by overwork
Internet addiction
refers to the problem of overusing, or being unable to stop using, the Internet
digital divide
refers to the gap between those who have access to technology and those who don't
Assistive technology
refers to hardware and software designed for use by individuals with physical disabilities
systems being used
Augmentative and
alternative communications
(AAC) tablets
- Help people who cannot
use verbal speech
communicate with others
Braille keyboards for visually-impaired users
• Keyguards for users with limited hand mobility
• One-handed keyboards
• Speech recognition systems allow hands-free input
Scanners can input documents to be read aloud or
printed in larger print
• Assistive pointing devices
Green computing
The use of computers in an environmentally friendly manner
ENERGY STAR
Developed to encourage the
development of energy-saving devices
Eco-labels
used in other countries
E-waste (e-trash)
Discarded computers, phones, and other consumer devices
How should you dispose of computing equipment?
Some recycling centers will accept computer equipment
• Many computer manufacturers have voluntary take-back
programs
Notebook or tablet stand:
Elevates a notebook/ tablet to the proper height; some can also connect peripherals
Digital watermarks
involve the subtle alteration of digital content that is not noticeable but can identify the copyright holder
Be familiar with the legislation on page 559
Legislation to protect intellectual property rights
- Family Entertainment and Copyright Act of 2005
- U.S. Anticybersquatting Consumer Protection Act of 1999
- Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA)
The Sarbanes-Oxley Act and HIPAA established privacy and data protection standards for disposal of computing
hardware
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