Nausea, vomiting, and other adverse effects are common, but medications can be ordered to counteract them.
The type of chemotherapy ordered depends on the type of cancer present.
Rationale: Because antineoplastics affect all fast-growing cells in the body, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea or constipation are common, but can be controlled if not alleviated with medications (option 4). Not all cancers respond to the same antineoplastic. Protocols have been established based on experience, so the client will be treated with what has proven to be the most effective medication(s) (option 5). Option 1 may be partially true, but not all clients will tolerate high calorie foods, and the nurse wants to encourage the client to eat a well-balanced diet, as much as possible. Options 2 and 3 are incorrect statements.