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Chapter 10 - Section 2 - Islam Expands
Terms in this set (10)
What did the "Rightly Guided" caliphs use as gudes to leadership?
They used the Qu'ran and Muhammad's teachings.
What changes did they make suring their rule?
They took down the two empires and expanded their land. It was easy because the military was tired.
Why were they successful in their quest to expand the empire and spread Islam?
Because the Byzantine and Syssinid Empire had a weak military. Mobilized their military.
What kind of family were the Umayyads?
A ruling family.
What ended the elective system of choosing a caliph?
Ali and his successor go assassinated. The Umayyads took over.
What changes did the Umayyads make during their rule?
Moved their capital to Demascus. They changed the minds of the people and they wanted wealth.
What led too the downfall of the Umayyads?
Many people rejected the luxurious life of the Umayyads so many rebel groups overthrew the Umayyads in 750. One of these groups were the Abbasids.
How did the Abbasids come to power?
They overthrew the Umayyads in the year 750 and took control of the empire. They did this by murdering the remaining members of the Umayyads.
What changes did they make during their rule?
The Abbasids developed a bureaucracy to keep track of the huge empire's affairs. To support it, they taxed land, imports and exports, and non Muslims wealth.
What major problem did the Abbasids face?
They failed to keep complete political control over the immense territory.
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