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Unit 3: Ancient Mesopotamia
Terms in this set (45)
Mesopotamia is located in present day...
Mesopotamian settlements were called...
The shape of a mesopotamian city-state
Located in the city's center. The temple that was the home of the city's god and only priests can go there.
What are the jobs a priest had in the city-state?
-Communicating with the god
-In charge of schools
-In charge of irrigation
-In charge of distributing the surplus
What are some of the tools sumerian farmers used?
Advanced farming tools
What is irrigation?
The process of controlling the flow of a river using dams, gates and canals. Irrigation was useful for farming.
Who was Gilgamesh?
He was a king who had the first epic written about him. The story was about his quest for immortality.
What were houses like in ancient Mesopotamian city-states?
The houses were made of sun-dried mud bricks. The homes were windowless and the size of the house was different for the many classes. Lower class homes were one story and had flat roofs. Middle class homes were on to two stories and had a flat roof with sides. Upperclass homes were two stories and had flat roofs with walls and vines used for privacy and growing fruit. Upperclass homes also had courtyards where families would play and people would eat.
The climate of Mesopotamia is
Dry + Hot
This was the first developed civilization
Sumer developed around 3500 BC
What did people have to do because of their lack of natural resources?
People had to trade for things they did not have and use irrigation to control the river.
This means "Land between two rivers"
What is does barter mean?
City-states were independent which meant each had their own_____________________________and __________
Government and god
What led to job diversification?
Belief in many gods
How many main gods did the Sumerians have?
How many lower gods did the sumerians have?
These two rivers surround Mesopotamia
Tigris and Euphrates
What is an Edubba or Tablet house?
Who was allowed to go to school in Mesopotamia?
Typically only upper class boys, but some girls were allowed to go to school.
People went to school to learn how to ____________________and _______________
Read and Write
People who could read and write were called what?
What did people use to write?
Early writing was done on clay tablets with a stylus.
What is Cuneiform?
Cuneiform is the form of writing that used wedge shaped symbols. Before Cuneiform people used pictographs (pictures)
Why did writing begin?
Writing began to keep track of business dealings
Due to the number of wars, an assembly in the city state had to elect a _____________________ to help share power with the priest.
City states were independent until the cruel King Sargon I from Akkad invaded and created the first _________________
What is an empire?
An empire is when several regions are ruled by one person.
Who was Hammurabi?
-He conquered all 24 city-states
-Fair and strong
-Had judges and Governors who would report to him
-Created a code of 282 laws that people in Babylon were expected to follow
The Code of Hammurabi's punishments ranged from __________________ to ____________________
Fines to death. Some punishments also included losing a limb or other body part
Hammurabi believed in this type of justice...
Eye for an eye
Punishments for Hammurabi's Code varied based upon...
A person's social class
What weapons did the Assyrians (King Sargon) develop because of their lack of natural defenses?
Battering ram, archers, armed chariot riders
Nebuchadnezzar was the king of Babylon after Hammurabi and he created______________________________ and his empire focused on ______________________________.
A beautiful palace and gardens for his wife; Focused on science and learning
Phoenicians prospered on the banks of the...
The Phoenicians were most famous for...
-Collecting snails to extract a purple dye
-Sea trading desirable wood
-Developed a simplistic alphabet of 22 symbols that is the basis of our alphabet today
The Hebrews are also known as the...
The Hebrews never created a large empire and their leader was Abraham. Abraham believed in...
Monotheism is the...
Belief in one god
The religion of the Hebrews, Judaism, has had an influence on other religions including...
Christianity and Islam
What is a primary source?
A primary source is a description of the event from someone who was there to see or experience it.
What is a secondary source?
A secondary source is a description of an event based on research. Written or told by someone who was not there to see the event.
Why did people want to control the flow of the rivers?
-To prevent unwanted flooding. Some flooding was good for nutrients, but too much could cause damage
-To irrigate crops
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