16 terms

Topic 3B

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Terms in this set (...)

Han
dynasty in two phases; the Former Han, 202-8 BCE; and the later Han, 25-220 CE; adopted elements of Qin policies required for unification, but generally moderated the extremes of these policies
Liu Bang (Pang)
247-195 BCE; commoner and rebel genera; founder of the Han dynasty in 202 BCE; known as Han Gaozu (Kaotsu), his reign title
Wendi (Wen Ti)
r. 179-157 BCE; known as the Taizong emperor; responsible for greatest expansion of China, especially southward and westwards; adopted moderate Confucian policy for internal administration; his edicts of such recorded by Sima Qian
Patterns of Expansion
of the Han dynasty: southwards across the Yangtze river into south China; south-westwards into Sichuan; north-westwrds to Korean and especially westward into central Asia; note that his represents only territorial acquisition
Other ways to understand 'expansion'
economic expansion by bringing land into cultivation; or by acculturation, bringing people into the Chinese cultural realm. Often go hand in hand with territorial expansion
Xiongnu
'western barbarians' ; nomadic people of northern central Asia; always a threat to the security of north China; the precise ethnicity, particularly as might be seen in their language, is unclear
127-119 BCE
several expeditions against Xiongnu, of limited success; Sima Qian relates some of the failures, exasperated at the failures of early Han military policy
Qin
state in the Warring States period in south-west of north China; gradually between 246-221 conquers rival states; despite unifying China, a short-lived dynasty (to 207 BCE)
Li Si
d. 208 BCE; minister to the king of Qin, the First Emperor of Qin; 'sold out' his friend Hanfeizi, who had come to the Qin court to plead for the case of his home kingdom o fHan; had him executed, good practical Legalist policy
Sima Qian
ca. 145-90 BCE; historian of the Warring States period and early Han dynasty; perhaps the greatest premodern historian of China; maybe even the world
great wall
a project of the First Emperor; perhaps ment more as a demarcation line between China and the central Asian brbarians than as a practical defensive measure; reflects Qin concern for the problems of the frontier, and suggests a generally 'interior lines' defensive policy
Romance of the Three Kingdoms
Ming novel, 14th c, by Luo Guanzhon; a historical fiction on the decline and fall of the Han dynasty; opening passages describes the cyclic nature of Chinese dynastic history
Warring States period
401-221 BCE; period of regional and dynastic fragmentation in north China; ends with unification under the Qin dynasty
Xunzi
late 3rd c BCE to 2nd c BCE; Confucian philosopher with a difference; believed humanity born evil, needs education, particularly in ritual, so as to become good; opposed to Mengzi's view that we're born good; seen as propounding a version of Confucianism that becomes the foundation of Legalism
Han Feizi
d. 233 BCE; student of Xunzi; propounds Legalism; adviser to Li Si, minister to the king of Qin
Legalism
practical philosophy of statecraft and rule; recommends clear and many laws and substantial punishments to counter humanity's evil nature; also propounds a view of moral rulers and officials that can only exist because of law