19 terms

Topic 2B

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Laozi
the 'old master', 6th c BCE, mythical sage said to be the author of Daodejing
Daodejing
supposedly written by Laozi; shortish text on the nature of dao
the Dao
limitless, that which pervades all in this world, that which governs the world; that which is the source of the unity of all, where opposites are rest;bed into oneness
"Received text"
the vision of an ancient text that has generally become the 'standard' version of the text; generally, the text which at some point in ancient times became fixed as the txt we know
Guodian bamboo slip texts
804 bamboo strips discovered in a tomb; containing early (4th c. BCE?) versions of several texts, mostly unknown, but also containing a version of portions of the Daodejing with variants from the "received text"
'religious Daoism'
in contradistinction to early philosophic Daoism, in later periods Daoism became concerned with such matters as acquiring immortality through alchemical or ritual means
Zhuangzi
Daoist philosopher ca. 369-286, Warring States period; whose philosophic inquiry into the nature of the Dao, often proceeded through paradox and apparent contradiction and rhetorical device; questioning our certainty about reality, he relates how he dreamt he was a butterfly or maybe it was a butterfly dreaming him.
Kongzi (Confucius)
Lived 551-479 BCE, social and moral philosopher, unsuccessfully sought influence and position at a royal court during the Spring and Autumn period
Lu
The state in which Kongzi was born and mostly lived
Lunyu
Kong's sayings, or 'Analects'
junzi
The superior individual, a man of nobility, a gentle man and object of personal improvement by possession of five virtues and two qualities
ren
Key Confucian virtue; the all encompassing virtue of humanity, Love, human-heartedness, humanity, benevolence, goodness
zhi
Virtue: uprightness, inner integrity
yi
Virtue: righteousness
zhong
Virtue: conscientiousness towards others, loyalty
shu
Virtue: altruism, reciprocity
wen
Quality: culture, 'polish'
li
Quality: 'ritual', etiquette, social usage
Mengzi (Mencius)
371-289 BCE, Warring States period; aristocrat, honoured at royal courts; large entourage of students; developed Confucian ideals; emphasized basic goodness of humanity