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Terms in this set (27)
the lowest allowable energy state/level of an atom
when an electron gains energy and jumps to a higher quantum level
# of orbitals in any s sublevel
# of orbitals in any p sublevel
# of orbitals in any d sublevel
# of orbitals in any f sublevel
electrons in the outermost energy level
How do you determine the # of Valence electrons?
by counting the # of s and p electrons since the most recent noble gas
Noble gas Notation
An abbreviated electron configuration of an element in which filled inner shells are represented by the symbol of the preceding noble gas in brackets
Each orbital may contain at most ____ electrons
Why do we fill the 4s orbital before the 3d orbital?
Because the 4s is lower in energy than the 3d, so it is filled first.
the arrangement of electrons in an atom
electron dot structure
structure consisting of the element's symbol, which represents the atomic nucleus and the inner-level electrons, surrounded by dots representing the atom's valence electrons
a rule that shows the order in which subshells are filled with electrons.
a horizontal row of the periodic table
subdivision of the Main Energy Level: there are s, p, d and f sublevels.
a vertical column in the periodic table of elements.
states that atoms lose, gain, or share electrons in order to acquire a full set of eight valence electrons (the stable electron configuration of a noble gas)
Number of valence electrons any member of the halogen family has...
Number of valence electrons any member of the noble gas family has...
Number of valence electrons any member of the alkali metal family has...
Number of valence electrons any member of the alkaline earth metal family has...
Number of valence electrons any member of the boron family has...
Number of valence electrons any member of the carbon family has...
Number of valence electrons any member of the nitrogen family has...
Number of valence electrons any member of the oxygen family has...
arrangement of electrons in an atom