12 terms

GCSE Why live in Tectonic areas

STUDY
PLAY
Job Opportunities
Large cities offer a chance of work, such as San Francisco in the USA. San Francisco is in the Bay area, which has a GDP of $535 billion, & ranks 19th in the world when compared to national economies.
Fertile Soils
The weathering of volcanic rock releases potassium into the soil, which is essential for plant growth e.g. Naples, Italy has olives, vines, nuts and fruit (mainly oranges and lemons) growing area to Mount Vesuvius.
Tourism
A popular activity in these areas. Mount Etna, attracts thousands of visitors, who travel in cable cars and 4 wheel drives to the crater, providing a range of jobs for local people.
Mineral wealth
Magma contains a large amount of valuable items such as copper, gold, silver, lead and zinc. After an eruption this magma cools and these minerals can be mined. E.g. Yanacocha gold mine in Peru
Religion
Some people worship ancient spirits believing they will warn them of an eruption, e.g. in Mount Merapi, Indonesia on a full moon they throw items into the volcano crater to calm the volcano's spirits.
Engineering
top quality buildings can make people feel safe in these areas in richer parts of the world. Buildings can be made to be earthquake proof like the Bird's Nest stadium in Beijing.
Construction materials
such as Basalt is found in volcanic areas and can be used in construction and to build roads.
Tectonic Hazards are INFREQUENT
so people feel safe over the short term
Sulphur deposits
can be mined and used in gunpowder and fertilisers
Geothermal power
Energy from the Earth's inner heat, 12. In Iceland volcanoes provide 28 % of all its energy. This is even used to heat pavements in winter in Reykjavik.
Poverty
Can stop people moving away from hazard zones as they have no money to do so
Family ties
People live in hazard zones to be close to relatives