43 terms

Forming A Government Vocabulary

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Natural Rights
Fundamental rights, religious liberty, and equality before the law.
Constitution
A set of basic principles and laws that determine the powers and duties of the government.
Democracy
A form of government in which all eligable citizens have an equal say in decisions that effect their lives.
Republic
A republic is a form of government in which the country is considered a "public matter".
Representative Democracy
a variety of democracy and founded on the principle of elected people representing a group of people.
Monarchy
A form of government in which a single individual is the monarch.
Suffrage
A legal right guaranteed by the 15th ammendment to the U.S. constitution; guranteed to women by the 19th ammendment
Articles of Confederation
The first attempt of a form of government
Ratification
Making something valid by formally ratifying or confirming it.
Tariff
A tariff is typically known as a tax that is placed on imports or exports.
Interstate commerce
Trade, traffic, or transportation in the U.S.
Intrastate commerce
The buying and selling of products and services within a single state.
Depression
A servere downturn that lasts several years.
Constitutional Convention
Took place May 14-September 17, 1787. Was to address problems governing in the US, which had been operating under the articles of confederation.
Compromise
The two plans that were put forth during the constitutional convention to create the new branches of government. The Virginia plan wanted a strong national government with three branches. The New Jersey plan wanted a more decentralized plan, ammending the articles yet allowing for a somewhat stronger government.
Federalism
The process by which two or more governments share powers over the same geographic area.
Legislative Branch
Consits of the House of Representatives and the Senate, which together form the United States conress. The constitution grants congress sole authority to enact legislation and delcare war, the right to confirm or reject many presidental appoitments, and investigation powers.
Executive Branch
Power is vested in the president of the united states, who also acts as head of state and commander-in-chief of the armed forces. The president is responsible for implenting and enforcing the laws written by congress and, appoints the heads of federal agencies.
Judicial Branch
Appointed by the president and confirmed by the senate.
Checks and balances
all three branches have checks and balances to maintain laws.
Antifederalists
Composed of diverse elements, including those oppossed to the Constitution
Federalists
The federalist party was the first American Political party, from the eary 1790s to 1816
Ammendment
A change made to a written basic law or constitution; A change made to a pending motion or bill by a motion to amend.
Bill of Rights
Collective name for the first ten ammendments to the United States constitution
Impeach
To be accused of wrong doing
Veto
A person either votes against or refuses to endorse something.
Pardon
freedom from punishment
cabinent
a board to advise the president; members are the secretaries of executive departments
petition
a formal message requesting something that is submitted to an authority
search warrant
a court order issued by a mag; state, judge, or Supreme Court official that authorizes law enforcment officers to conduct a search of person
due process
legal requirment that the state must respect all of the legal rights that are owed to a person
indict
an indictment in the common law system; is a formal accusation that a person has committed a crime
double jepordy
a procedural defense that forbids a defendant from being tried again on the same charges following a legitimate acquital.
eminent domain
power of the state to seize private property
naturalization
the aquisition on citizenship and nationality by somebody who was not a citizen of that country at the time of birth
deport
expulsion of a person or group of people from a place or country at the time of birth
draft
a draft is a copy of printed material made for examination and corretion before final printing
bicameral
having two legislatives
who is the "father of the constitution"?
James Madison
Who wrote the Bill of Rights?
James Madison
What are the first ten ammendments to the constitution called
Bill of Rights
What 3 important words does the constitution start off with
We the people
What does the 13th ammendment outlaw in the U.S. forever?
Slavery