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people whose party indentification differs from that of their parents


most consistently liberal racial minority in the U.S.


in general, the more schooling you have, the more your political attitude will reflect this


one who is liberal on econoic issues, but conservative in regard to issues of personal conduct

political ideology

a coherent and consistent set of beliefs about who ought to rule, what principles rulers should obey, and what policies they ought to pursue


the group whose views the gov't pays the most attention to

gender gap

differences in political views between men and women


the policy area in which southerners are most likely to agree wiht northerners

new class

changes in the occupational structure during the last few decades have produced this classification

J.S. Mills

The English writer whose views form the backdrop to both classical liberalism and modern libertarianism

red diaper baby

term used to describe the children of parents who particiapted in radical movements of the 1960's


majority of memebers of this religious group voted Republican in 2004 for the first time in many years

Democratic Party

voters in the south have become progressively more attached to this party

social sciences

college students majoring in this area tend to be the most liberal

Franklin Roosevelt

prior to this president's term in office, one who favored free markets would generally have been called a liberal

ideological constraint

the degree to which a person's opinions are consistent across time or from one issue to the next at any given point in time


the key term in the definintion of a political party


the founders viewed politcal parties as a type of this

national party committees

select the time and place of the national convention

party machines

characterized by a high degree of leadership control over member activities

Thomas Jefferson

organized the first Republican party, with its base of support in the South


elected officials and party leaders who are not required to pledge themselves in advance to a presidential canidate

primary election

the method by which canidates are chosen for office in most states

solidary parties

party organizations based on their members' enjoyment of the sociability of politics

the Jacksonian

the era during which, for the first time, a party system was built from the bottom up

personal following

support from this source is what a person wanting to win an election today will most often seek

Anti- Masonic party

they held the first party convention in American history


party professionals, as opposed to volunteers

the Japanese

the culture highlighted in the text as stressing harmony and group cohesion in their social relations


described as having more deferential than participatory relationship with their government


the area of participation in regards to which americans compart least favorably with europeans


the dominant religious tradition in the early U.S.


churches organized along these lines provided training and experience in miniature political systems for many Americans

unitary system

allows the national government the right to alter or even abolish local government

Tenth Amendment

an explicit statement of state powers added later to the original constitution

concurrent powers

powers that are granted to the national government but not denied to the states

necessary and proper clause

the constitutional source for the concept of implied powers

inherent powers

powers that all governments are assumed to have

Commerce clause

allows congress to regulate almost any kind of economic activity

block grants

grants that were designed to remedy a common criticism of categorical grants, namely, that they lacked specificity

revenue sharing

federal grants over which state governments have the widest discretion


decade during which federal grants were increasingly based upon what federal officials perceived to be national needs

land grants

first form of grants-in-aid to the states by the federal govenrment were in this form

conditions of aid

federal rules that states must follow if they choose to receive the federal grants with which the rules are associated


federal rules that states must follow, whether or not they receive federal grants

intergovernmental lobby

an interest group made up of mayors, govenors, and other state and local officials who depend on federal funds


the return of control over important government functions back to the states


the congress most closely associated with devolution

John Marshall

the U.S. supreme court chief justice whose own views of federal power were closely aligned with Hamilton's

police powers

a state's power to enact laws and regulations, not otherwise unconstituional, that promote health, safety, and morals


process that permits voters to put legislative measures directly on the ballot


procedure whereby voters can remove an elected official from office


these free mailings are one of hte advantages that incumbents have over challengers


drawing the boundaries of legislative districts in bizzare shapes to favor one party


the alleged tendency of canidates to win more votes in an election because of t

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