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Mosaic 1 Reading Chapter 1 New Challenges
Terms in this set (82)
something that tests strength, skill, or ability, especially in a way that is interesting: The new students are ready to meet the challenges of the next few years.
to do something that will help you achieve success for yourself or someone else: She chose to advance her career by completing her education.
the place that someone or something is going to: Allow plenty of time to get to your destination.
the opinions and feelings that you usually have about something: I prefer to have a positive attitude in life.
to be able to accept something unpleasant or difficult, even though you do not like it [= stand; bear]: The nurses tolerated the long work hours during Ramadan.
to succeed in doing something, especially after trying very hard [= achieve]: We have accomplished all we set out to do.
a sentence or phrase from a book, speech etc which you repeat because it is interesting or amusing [= quotation]: The students used quotes from reliable sources in their essays.
to talk or write about something or someone, usually quickly and without saying very much or giving details: Some of the problems were mentioned in his report.
someone who competes in sports competitions, especially running, jumping, and throwing: Sarah Attar is one of the first Saudi female athletes to compete in the 2012 Olympics.
the opinion or feeling you have about someone or something because of the way they seem: Arriving late to class won't create a very favorable impression.
the ideas, facts, or opinions that are contained in a speech, piece of writing, etc: The content of the reading course includes passages, vocabulary and assessment work.
to attract attention to written words or make a problem or subject easy to notice so that people pay attention to it: The students highlighted the difficult words in their textbooks.
to add the most recent information to something: The student files need to be updated.
to help someone do something: The new vocabulary words have been highlighted in bold to aid the reader.
to have an important or noticeable effect on someone or something: The Food Safety Act will impact on the way food businesses operate.
a situation, quality etc which is as great as it can possibly be - used especially when talking about two opposites; to a very great degree: The bacteria can withstand extremes of heat and cold.
not very large or very small, very hot or very cold, very fast or very slow etc: Moderate exercise, such as walking, is recommended.
existing or happening in many places or situations, or among many people: The storm caused widespread damage.
the process of moving or the way that someone or something moves: The rocking motion of the boat made Sylvia feel sick.
unwilling to stay in one place, and always wanting new experiences: After a few weeks in London, I grew restless and decided to move on.
speaking in an honest way even if this upsets people; short and direct: My boss was very blunt in saying that he didn't think I was doing a very good job.
it happens often and is likely to happen again: My car tends to overheat in the summer.
used to emphasize that something which is small or not extreme has a big effect or is important; only; just: The mere fact that the talks are continuing is a positive sign.
the quality of expressing something in very few words [↪ brief (adj)]: Letters published in the newspaper are edited for brevity and clarity.
a remark or action that is offensive or deliberately rude: The woman shouted insults at the driver who almost hit her car.
a strong feeling in society that being in a particular situation is something to be ashamed of: There is still a social stigma attached to Saudi women working as cashiers.
something that is worth having or doing: The ability to speak a foreign language is highly desirable.
a small job that you have to do regularly, especially work to keep a house clean: I enjoy everyday chores like shopping and housework.
work that is boring, needs no skill, and is not important: She did menial tasks around the house.
something successful or impressive that is achieved after a lot of effort and hard work[= achievement]: Receiving an A+ in her course was a major accomplishment.
to use all or most of your time, effort etc in order to do something or help someone [= dedicate]: She devoted herself full-time to her business.
time when you are not working or studying and can relax and do things you enjoy: Most people now enjoy shorter working hours and more leisure time.
to provide and serve food and drinks at a party, meeting etc, usually as a business: Jehan has catered functions for up to 200 people.
the state of being able to be alone, and not seen or heard by other people: With seven people squashed in one house, you don't get much privacy.
not completely [= partly]: The operation was only partially successful.
including every possible detail; comprehensive: The doctor gave him a thorough check-up.
if animals or people inhabit an area or place, they live there: The Sahara desert is inhabited by many wild animals.
the traditional beliefs, values, customs etc of a family, country, or society: Beautiful old buildings which are part of our heritage should be preserved.
making you feel embarrassed so that you are not sure what to do or say [= difficult]: I hoped he would stop asking awkward questions.
remember a particular fact, event, or situation from the past: You don't happen to recall his name, do you?
seeming reasonable and sensible [≠ illogical]: It's a logical site for a new supermarket, with the housing development nearby.
pleasantly calm, quiet, and peaceful: I visited a small tranquil village in the Italian countryside.
easy to control or deal with [≠ unmanageable]: If I organize my workload, it should be more manageable.
friendly but quite polite and formal: The talks were conducted in a cordial atmosphere.
many: The two leaders have worked together on numerous occasions.
to come with something: I read the descriptions that accompanied the photos.
to bend the top part of your body forward to show respect or thanks to someone: She bowed and left the stage.
to move your head up and down, especially in order to show agreement or understanding: I asked her if she was ready to go, and she nodded.
to suggest that something is true, without saying this directly [↪ infer]: Although he did not say it, he implied that I was lying.
a short piece taken from a book, poem, piece of music etc.: An excerpt of the King's speech appeared in the Friday paper.
the end of something, especially something pointed: They sailed around the southern tip of South America.
extremely large [= huge]: They crossed the vast desert on foot.
to make someone suddenly surprised or slightly shocked: Sorry, I didn't mean to startle you.
the opposite of what has been said or suggested: Contrary to popular belief, the poor might be happier than the rich.
good or quick at noticing things: Supervisors are trained to be observant.
the make-up of a group or team is the combination of people that are in it: We should change the make-up of the research team.
very great or noticeable: She has a pronounced Arabic accent when she speaks English.
* melting pot (n)
a place where people from different races, countries, or social classes come to live together: New York has always been a great melting pot.
relating to a particular race, nation, or tribe and their customs and traditions: The school teaches students from different ethnic groups.
not liking changes or new ideas: They have a very conservative attitude to education.
the emotional part of someone's character, especially how likely they are to be happy, angry etc.: Sarah has such a lovely relaxed temperament.
not interesting or exciting [= boring]: Life is never dull when my family is here.
in a way that involves violence: Several people have been violently attacked in the subway.
* uprising (n)
an attempt by a group of people to change the government, laws etc in an area or country [= rebellion]: In 2011, an Egyptian uprising forced President Mubarak out of power.
to choose someone for an official position by voting: For the first time, Saudi women can vote and be elected in the municipal elections.
to choose someone for a position or a job: The officials were appointed by the government.
a picture or shape that has a particular meaning or represents a particular organization or idea: The dove is a symbol of peace.
to continue to do something, although this is difficult, or other people oppose it: The course was quite difficult for her, but she persisted and was finally able to pass.
relating to how a person or situation seems to be, rather than how it really is: His clenched fist was the only outward sign of his anger.
someone who likes to meet and talk to new people: We're looking for someone with an outgoing personality.
someone or something that is difficult to explain or understand: The jaguar is one of the most beautiful and mysterious animals found in nature.
one part of a situation, idea, plan etc that has many parts: Dealing with people is the most important aspect of my work.
existing only in a particular place or in relation to a particular person or people: The issues being discussed here are not unique to Saudi universities.
only: This offer is available exclusively to people who call now.
a nervous worried feeling that makes it impossible for you to relax: Exercise is the ideal way to relieve tension after a hard day.
to forgive someone for behaving badly [= forgive]: He could never pardon her for the things she had said.
the feeling of being very worried about something [= concern]: There is growing public anxiety over levels of air pollution in our cities.
to come together to publicly express disapproval or opposition to something: Students protested the decision to cancel their lunch hour.
extreme, often uncontrolled anger [= rage]: I shook with fury when I heard the news of what happened.
very beautiful or impressive: Her hotel window had a glorious view of the ocean.
a set of clothes worn together, especially for a special occasion: She bought a new outfit for the party.
to show something to people, or put it in a place where people can see it easily: All the exam results will be displayed on the noticeboard.
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