How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

26 terms

bacterial infection of the heart

23
STUDY
PLAY
endocarditis
inflammation of endocardium (inner layer of heart)
subacute bacterial endocarditis
alpha hemolytic streptococci from mouth. develops slowly.
characterized by fever, weakness and heart murmur
acute bacterial endocarditis
staph aureus from mouth, bacteria find way to normal/abnormal heart valves, fatal in days
pericarditis
caused by streptococci, inflammation of sac around heart.
syndenhams chorea is associated with what bacterial infection of heart
rheumatic fever
rheumatic fever is caused by
autoimmune complication of stept. pyogenes infections
where does tularemia reproduce
in phagocytes
which bacterial diseases of the heart are gram -
tularemia
brucellosis
which bacterial diseases of the heart are gram +
anthrax
gas gangrene
brucelosis (Undulant fever) caused by
brucella strep pyogenes
three important species of brucelosis
B. abortus (cows, bison, elk)
B. suin (swine)
b. melitensis (goats, sheep and camels) most common in human diseases
where does brucellosis grow
in phagocytes
anthrax causative agent
bacillus anthracis
anthrax can be found in
soil
what are routinely vaccinated from anthrax
cattle
primary virulence factors of B. anthracis are two EXOTOXINS, what are they
edema toxin
lethal toxin
anthrax is treated with
ciprofloxacin (also for uti)
&doxycycline
how many forms of anthrax affect humans
3
cutaneous 20%mortality
gastrointestinal 50% mortality
inhalation 100% mortality
ischemia
loss of blood flow to tissue becomes anaerobic
necrosis
tissue death
gangrene
death of soft tissue, from loss of blood supply to region
gas gangrene
is from an infection
cause of gas gangrene
clostridium perfringes
where does gas gangrene grow
in necrotic tissue
treatment for gas gangrene
surgical removal of dead skin or us of hyperbaric chamber
which bacterial infections of the heart are endospore forming
gangrene and anthrax