18 terms

Holt Environmental Science Chapter 6 Biomes

STUDY
PLAY
biome
A large region by a specific type of climate and certain types of plant and animals.
climate
The average weather conditions in an area over a long period of time.
latitude
Distance BETWEEN North or South of the Equator, also measured in degrees.
altitude
is the hieghth above the SEA LEVEL
tropical rain forest
near the equator with consistant warm temperatures, wet CLIMATE , and plant growth
emergent layer
top layer of the rain forest
canopy
dense cover formed by leafy top of tall rain forest trees..
epiphytes
plants that grow and depend entirely on other plants...
understory
layer of shorter plants that grow in the shade of a forest canopy
Temperate Rain Forest
Rain Forests in North America and, Australia, New Zealand with large amounts of precipitation, moderate temperatures, and humidity.
Temperate Deciduous Forests
is a biome, occupy regions that have warm summers, cold winters, and moderate precipitation, shed leaves in winter,
Taiga
it's a bioMe in which the winters are cold and summers are mild enough to allow the ground to thaw.
Savanna
grassland with scattered trees, found in some regions of Africa, AUstralia, and South America
Temperate Grasslands
a biome whose vegetation is dominated by grasses and features more extreme temperature differences between winter and summer and less precipitation than temperate deciduous forests.
Chaparral
type of vegetation made up of dense forests of shrubs, short trees, this is common in the climates of mediterranean
Desert"
An extremely dry area with way to little amount of water and few plants.
Tundra
level, treeless plains in arctic regions, and the ground beneath the surface of the tundras is frozen even in the summer time.
PERMAFROST
permanent frozen layer of soil that is right beneath the ground..