81 terms

Unit 2 Vocab


Terms in this set (...)

active listening
the practice of paying close attention to a speaker and asking questions to ensure full comprehension
a comparison between two things that are similar in some way, often used to help explain something or make it easier to understand
AP Courses
advanced placement, college courses taken in high school
One bound by legal agreement to work for another for a specific amount of time in return for instruction in a trade, art, or business
Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB):
is a test developed and maintained by the United States Department of Defense.
the action or fact of achieving a goal toward which one has worked
career cluster
provide students with a context for studying traditional academics and learning the skills specific to a career, and provide U.S. schools with a structure for organizing or restructuring curriculum offerings and focusing class make-up by a common theme such as interest.
an official document that gives proof and details of something such as personal status, educational achievements, ownership, or authenticity
the action or capability of understanding something
using as few words as possible to give the necessary information, or compressed in order to be brief
able to persuade somebody to believe that something is true or to act
cooperative education
a school program that allows students to receive academic credit for career work in the student's field of interest done outside the school
a mutual relationship or connection between two or more things
Career Technical Student Organization (CTSO)
Vocational student organization; nonprofit, national organization with state and local chapters that exist to develop leadership skills and good citizenship among members; each organization is composed of vocational students interested in a specific occupational area.
dual enrollment
involves students being enrolled in two separate, academically related institutions. Generally, it refers to high school students taking college courses.
extra-curricular activities
fall outside the realm of the normal curriculum of school or university education, performed by students. Such activities are generally voluntary, mandatory, non-paying, social, philanthropic as opposed to scholastic, and often involve others of the same age.
formal learning
highly institutionalized, bureaucratic, curriculum driven, and formally recognized with grades, diplomas, or certificates
IB courses
International baccalaureate, offering internationally recognized courses
informal learning
organized learning outside of the formal education system; tend to be short-term, voluntary, and have few if any prerequisites.
a type of work experience for entry-level job-seekers
interpersonal skills
concerning or involving relationships between people
(of handwriting or print) clear enough to read
education after high school.
to read the text and mark corrections to be made
Secretary's Commission on Achieving Necessary Skills (SCANS)
appointed by the Secretary of Labor to determine the skills our young people need to succeed in the world of work
TEACH Format
• Think: What will this chapter be about? What do I need to learn from this chapter?
• Explain: Decide what you already know about the chapter.
• Ask: Who? What? Where? When? Why?
• Clues: Title, Key words, Headings, Illustrations
• Handwrite chapter highlights: Definitions, formulas and main concepts
an official document showing the educational work of a student in a school or college
Advising, Placement, and Retention System - an assessment-advising program designed to identify the basic skill levels of students as they enter two-year institutions.
the process or state of changing to fit a new environment or different conditions, or the resulting change
associate's degree
2 year college degree from a community college, university, college, or technical school. The recipient of an Associate's Degree can then transfer the credits toward a 4 year Bachelor's Degree.
Bachelor's Degree
4 year college degree from a university/college earned by completing undergraduate coursework and are awarded in specific concentrations.
changing economy
a transformation that occurs within an economy that either increases, sustains, or depletes its vitality
postesecondary institution offering a collection of degrees in one specific area; also an undergraduate division or school in a university.
community college
postsecondary school with up to 2-year programs leading to certificates, diplomas, or associate degrees.
the quality of being adequately or well qualified in a skill or ability.
a professional or industry certification proving a person's qualifications, awarded for occupational competency typically by passing an exam.
career and technical education (CTE)
educational programs that specialize in the skilled trades, applied sciences, modern technologies, and career preparation
extended period of negative economic activity; unemployment, declining income & production.
doctoral degree
postgraduate academic degree awarded by universities, highest level of academic degree. Everyone is familiar with the medical doctor, who holds an M.D. (Medical Doctorate). But you can earn a doctorate in almost any subject area, Doctor of Philosophy, abbreviated as PhD.
diverse economy
economy composed of many ethnic, as well as socioeconomic and gender, groups
dual enrollment
involves students being enrolled in two separate, academically related institutions
economic cycle
the natural fluctuation of the economy between periods of expansion and contraction. Factors such as gross domestic product, interest rates, levels of employment and consumer spending help to determine the current stage of the economic cycle.
the wealth and resources of a country or region, especially in terms of the production and consumption of goods and services, careful management of available resources.
formal assessment
standardized written or performance test of knowledge, aptitude, values, etc.
Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA)
Federal Student Aid, a part of the U.S. Department of Education, is the largest provider of student financial aid in the nation, provides grants, loans, and work-study funds for college or career school.
an activity or role assigned to somebody or something
global economy
the interdependent economies of the world's nations, regarded as a single economic system
graduate degree
college program leading to a master's degree or doctoral degree; advanced study generally following a bachelor's degree.
financial aid that doesn't have to be repaid (unless, for example, you withdraw from school and owe a refund).
independent learning
a method or learning process where learners have ownership and control of their learning - they learn by their own actions and direct, regulate, and assess their own learning
a sharp increase in the costs of goods and services.
job shadwoing
short-term experience that allows the student to follow an experienced worker and see the day-to-day activities of a particular career
lifelong learning
the continuing development of knowledge and skills that people experience after formal education and throughout their lives
borrowed money you must repay with interest.
local economy
economic activities of the locale in which you live
special skills may be developed through educational programs in the armed services.
master's degree
an academic degree from a college or university for those who complete at least one year of prescribed study beyond the bachelor's degree.
a feeling of enthusiasm, interest, or commitment that makes somebody want to do something, or something that causes such a feeling
national economy
economic activities belonging to or characteristic of a nation
on-the-job training
Employee training at the place of work while he or she is doing the actual job.
Preliminary Scholastic Aptitude Test (PSAT)
a practice test that measures the critical thinking, mathematical reasoning, and writing skills that students need to do college-level work.
proprietary school
privately owned school that operates for profit for those seeking vocational training.
stage in economic cycle, relatively low unemployment & high total income prevail, leading to high purchasing power - more spending.
a period of declining economic growth.
stage in the economic cycle where employment and production begin to rise to normal levels after a slump.
regional economy
economic activities belonging to or characteristic of a geographic region
room and board
cost of housing and food while attending college or career school.
Money awarded to students based on academic or other achievements to help pay for education expenses. Scholarships generally do not have to be repaid.
Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT)
a test that measures the critical thinking mathematical, reasoning, and writing skills students need to do college-level work.
Directed or guided by oneself, especially as an independent agent
state economy
economic activities belonging to or characteristic of a state
technical school
general term used for two-year college which provide mostly employment-preparation skills for trained labor, such as welding, culinary arts and office management.
trade school
a vocational school, also called a trade school, is a higher-level learning institution that specializes in providing students with the vocational education and technical skills they need in order to perform the tasks of a particular job. Students typically earn a credential or a certificate
a process or period in which something undergoes a change and passes from one state, stage, form, or activity to another
a direction of movement.
a sum of money charged for teaching or instruction by a school, college, or university.
undergraduate program
college program leading to an associate (2-year) or a bachelor's (4-year) degree; generally following high/secondary school.
a collection of colleges, has undergraduate programs which award bachelor degrees and graduate program for masters' degrees and doctorates.
a contribution of free labor, usually to a non-profit organization.
volunteer experiences
Unpaid experiences; students work to get experience, contacts, or help out. The experiences are not necessarily career related and not usually supervised by school personnel.
work based
the duties or activities that are part of a job or occupation