39 terms

Intro to Wellness terms from McGlone and class notes

STUDY
PLAY
Health
focus on physical state
Wellness
over all health
Health Literacy
being able to access, understand & use health information
Holistic
an approach that considers the whole person
Lifestyle
the way you live
Environment
one's surroundings
Heredity
what you are born with
Health Care
services concerned with your wellness
Risk Factors
behaviors that increase your chance of illness
Protective Factors
behaviors the decrease your chance of illness
Health Promotion
an example is insurance incentives
Intervention
secondary prevention
Decisions
choices we make
Goals
these take planning and work
Values
what is important to you
Attitude
one's outlook on life
Optimist
positive attitude
Pessimist
negative attitude
Morbidity
disease rate
Mortality
death rate
Incidence
# of new cases
Prevalence
# of existing cases
Healthy People 2010
the national program to create a healthier U.S
Acute
sudden onset, short-lasting
Chronic
slow onset, long-lasting
Areas of Wellness, OSSIPEE
occupational, social, spiritual, intellectual, physical, emotional, environmental
behaviors during adolescence that contribute to chronic diseases
dietary behaviors, alcohol, and other drug us, injuries
U.S. Health status 100 years ago
life expectancy 47, acute disease, infectious germs, focus on cure
US health today
life expectancy 78, chronic disease, lifestyle behaviors, focus on prevention
General Population deaths (most)
heart disease, heart attack, stroke, cancer
15-24 year olds deaths (most)
car accidents due to distractions, speeding; poisoning, drownings, homicides, suicides
Causes of preventable death in U.S.
smoking, obesity, alcohol
US Life Expectancy
Caucasian 78, African American 70
How long people are healthy
Caucasian 70, African American 56
Primary disease prevention
stop problem before it occurs
Secondary disease prevention
early intervention of the problem
tertiary prevention
treatment of problem
Controllable risk factors
diet, exercise, smoking, alcohol, drugs, stress management, weight, seatbelts
uncontrollable risk factors
heredity, age, gender, race