Chapter 9 - AP Government Herman
Terms in this set (36)
Buckley v. Valeo
1st Amendment protects campaign spending; legislatures can limit contributions, but not how much one spends of his own money on campaigns
individual who travels with the candidate and coordinates the many different aspects of the campaign
The master plan candidates lay out to guide their electoral campaign
a private meeting of party leaders to choose candidates for office
Citizens United v. FEC
Upheld that the first amendment prohibits the government from restricting political independent expedients red by corporations, associations, or labor unions
The belief that in order to support democratic government, a citizen should always vote.
a large meeting or conference, especially of members of a political party or a particular profession.
a body of people representing the states of the US, who formally cast votes for the election of the president and vice president.
Federal election campaign act
law passed in 1974 for reforming campaign finances. The act created the Federal Election Commission (FEC), provided public financing for presidential primaries and general elections, limited presidential campaign spending, required disclosure, and attempted to limit contributions.
Federal election campaign fund
Program through the FEC that allows public citizens to contribute money to presidential campaigns
Federal election commission
A six-member bipartisan agency created by the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1974. They administer and enforce campaign finance laws.
The recent tendency of states to hold primaries early in the calendar in order to capitalize on media attention.
Political contributions given to a party, candidate, or interest group that are limited in amount and fully disclosed.
A process permitted in some states whereby voters may put proposed changes in the state constitution to a vote if sufficient signatures are obtained on petitions calling for such a referendum
A characterization of elections by political scientists meaning that they are almost universally accepted as a fair and free method of selecting political leaders.
Mandate theory of elections
The idea that the winning candidate has a mandate from the people to carry out his or her platforms and politics. Politicians like the theory better than political scientists do.
funds that will be supplied in an amount that will match the funds available from other sources
McCain feingold act
Legislation in the United States, passed in 2002, that changed the way that campaigns for federal political offices are financed. It banned soft money contributions, which were unregulated, usually large, contributions to the national party committees, instead of individual candidates. It also required political advertisements to state what person or group paid for them.
McGovern Fraser commission
A commission formed at the 1968 Democratic convention in response to demands for reform by minority groups and others who sought better representation.
Motor voter act
Passed in 1993, this act went into effect for the 1996 election. It requires states to permit people to register to vote at the same time they apply for their driver's license.
National party convention
supreme power within each of the parties. They meets every four years to nominate the presidential and vice-presidential candidates and to write the party's platform
The official endorsement of a candidate for office by a political party. Generally, success in the nomination game requires momentum, money, and media attention.
A form of political funding in which a group of people can set up a fund to support a candidate or interest without a cap on the amount of donations given. It must report all expenditures to the FEC
A political party's statement of its goals and policies for the next four years
Electoral choices that are made on basis of the voters' policy preferences and on the basis of where the candidates stand on policy issues.
The belief that ones political participation really matters- that ones vote can actually make a difference
Elections in which voters in a State vote for a candidate
A high tech method of raising money for a political cause or candidate
A state level method of direct legislation that gives voters a chance to approve or disapprove legislation or a constitutional amendment proposed by the state legislature
A theory of voting in which voters essentially ask this simple question: "What have you done for me lately?"
the phenomenon that people often pay the most attention to things they already agree with and interpret them according to their own predispositions
No limit but contributions for party-building expenses only
Right to vote
a type of independent political action committee which may raise unlimited sums of money from corporations, unions, and individuals but is not permitted to contribute to or coordinate directly with parties or candidates.
party leaders and elected officials who become delegates to the national convention without having to run in primaries or caucuses
A system adopted by the states that requires voters to register well in advance of election
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