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31 terms

Ceramics and Sculpture

STUDY
PLAY
pinch
a hand building technique starting with a ball of clay; inserting you thumbs and pinching the clay to form thin even walls
coil
a hand building technique using rolled out ropes of clay; stacked in layers
slab
a hand bulding technigue made of thin sheets of clay
drape slab
a thin sheet of clay usually around of inside a bowl or plate to form a vessel
molding or modeling
using your hands to shape, bend, add, or remove clay
fire
the process of placing the pots in a kiln and heating to a high temperature that the clay becomes ceramic
kiln
a furnace in which pots are fired
underglaze
a commercially prepared mixture of "ceramic paint". Can be applied to both wet and dry greenware of bisqu ware. Does not run and is a generally true color when applied
bisque fire
purpose of this process is to render the object more durable, while leaving it porous engough to absorb glaze
glaze firing
fuses the glaze to together in combination with the surface of the clay body
gloss glaze
can only be applied to bisque piece, has matt to glosss finish
Impressions
a common techinque that uses pre-molded or found shapes pressind into wet clay to create an inverted image of the mold of the object
Incise
to cut into the clay; such as carving, inlay, Sgraffitto, etc.
Burnishing
to rub with a tool such as a spoon, rock, etc., to smooth or polish the surface of your pot
Sgraffitto
an early form of pottery decoration in which greenware is coated with colored slip of underglazes and then scratch off revealing the color of the clay
Wax resist
a method of decorating pots by appyling wax to the piece and glazing over; this can be done in one or more firing
Inlay
decoration used on greenwar when a design and/ or drawing is incised in the pottery and then filled in with contracting color slip; let dry. sand, and smooth
clay
particles of decomposed rock combied with water; a combination of decomposed rock including silica( sand) and alumina along with various minerals and decomposed matter
slip
made by mixing clay body with water; creates a glue to hold piees together
score
to make a series of shallow grooves in the edges of the clay to joiun two parts securly together
wedge
to work the damp clay witht the palms of the hands against a smooth surface
bat
a disk made out of matt board, paper, plaster, or plastic; used to work on
reclaim clay
clay which is made from bone dry scraps; smashed into powder, put in a bin with water and then put on a plaster bata and wedged into new clay
vessel
a hallow or concave utensil; as a cup, bowl, pitcher, or vase. ( mostly functional pieces)
freestanding
a scupture that stands alone and is visible 360 degrees and not attached to wall or structure
relief
a sculpture which remains attachd/ does not stand alone; has been incises, curved and/or added to.
Plastic
it is when the clay is soft and wet; you can 1) mold it/ shape it 2) paddle it 3) weld pices together(scoring only is nedded) 4) cut is 5) can incise it/ curve
Leatherhard
the stage of drying when the clay is no longer workable by hand; you can 1) can not mold anymore 2) can still paddle (best time) 3) weld by scoring and slipping 4) makes smooth: by sponging and burishing 5) can incise/ curve and scrape
bone dry
dompletely dry, without and moisture at all; you can 1) burnish 2) can scrape 3) can sand 4) can underglaze 5) now you can fire
greenware
clay pots which are airdried, but not yet fired
bisqueware
pieces that have been fired, no longer clay