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Final - Individual and Family Nutrition
Terms in this set (25)
How does an infants birthweight change from birth to month 5 or 6?
How does an infants birthweight change from birth to month 12?
T/F: Length increases faster than weight?
What is the typical weight of an infant at 1 year?
How much does an infant's length change from birth to 1 year?
T/F: A child's energy requirement is twice as high as compared to an adult's?
At what age is a child a Toddler?
1 to 3 years old
At what age is a child a preschooler?
3-5 years old
At what age is a child a Adolescent?
11 - 20 years old
What are recommendations of the energy nutrients of a child during the first six month based on?
Breast milk fed children
What are recommendations of the energy nutrients of a child during the second six month based on?
Solid foods as well as breast milk
Glucose makes up what percent of brain energy for infants?
What nutrient provides the most energy in breast milk and formula?
What is the most abundant fatty acid in the brain and retina that contributes to neural and visual development?
What is the term used to describe children with protein deficiency?
Failure to thrive
What is the basic building material of body's tissues?
How do an infant's nutrient needs compare to that of an adult's?
Infants need double that of an adult
T/F: In early infancy, breast milk provides enough water to replace fluid losses?
In children, what is required to replace fluids in diarrhea or vomiting occurs?
What is an acceptable replacement for breast milk that most resembles the nutrient composition?
An iron-fortified formula
For how long should breast feeding be continued?
through 1 year
How many feedings of breast milk should occur per day for the first few weeks?
8 - 12 feedings
What are the two most important carbohydrates found in breast milk?
How does the protein content of breastmilk compare to cow's milk? (3)
- Breast milk is lower in protein to allow for kidneys to handle it
- Highly digestible
- Highly Absorbable
T/F: DHA accumulation is higher in formula fed infants than in breast fed infants?
False; other way around
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