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100 terms

English 10 semester 2

STUDY
PLAY
Abate
to recue or lessen; to subtract from an amount
Abject
being the most contemptible or miserable kind
Affable
gentle and gracious; approachable
Altercation
an angry verbal dispute
Animosity
bitter hostility or hatred
Antecedent
a preceding occurence or cause; preceding in order
Arrears
unpaid debts or obligations
Assiduous
dilligent
Augur
to make predictions based on signs or omens; a soothsayer
Aversion
a feeling of intense dislike
Camisole
a woman's negligee jacket
Capitulate
to surrender; to yield
Caricature
a grotesque representation; to imitate in an exaggerated matter
Circuitous
going in a roundabout or indirect manner
Clemency
an inclination to show mercy; an act of mercy toward an offfender
Commiserate
to express sorrow or pity; to sympathize
Complacent
self satisfied; almost smug
Consign
to give over to the care of another; entrust; to deliver for custody or sale
Conspicuous
easy to notice; obvious
Corroborate
to strengthen or support with other evidence; to make more certain
Deference
courteous respect
Deign
to do something below ones dignity; to condescend
Despondent
dejected hopeless
Dissipate
to drive away or disperse; to waste or squander recklessly
Efficacy
power to produce a desired effect; effectiveness
Epoch
a particular time or period in history
Eugenics
the study of hereditary improvement of the human race by controlled selective breeding
Euphemism
a neutral or inoffensive expression that takes the place of an offensive one
Euphony
an agreeable sound
Evanescence
the quality of lasting only a short time
Exhort
to urge, advise, or caution earnestly
Expeditious
characterized by promptness; quick
Expunge
to erase or obliterate
Fidelity
faithfulness to ones duties
Glib
ease of speech or writing that suggest insincerity
Gregarious
sociable; fond of the company of others
Hegemony
the predominant influence, as of a state, region, or group, over another or others
Hortatory
describes speech that urges some kind of conduct this is sort of an adjective
Hypochondria
excessive worry or talk about one's health
Icon
an important or enduring symbol
Imperative
obligatory; compulsory
Impecunious
having little or no money; poor
Implacable
incapable of being appeased or pacified
Imponderable
difficult to evaluate precisely
Impugn
to attack as false or questionable; challenge in arguement
Impunity
exemption from punishment
Inanimate
lifeless; spiritless
Incommunicado
without the means or right to communicate
incorrigible
incapable of being corrected or reformed
Incumbent
imposed as an obligation or duty
infallible
incapable of errin gor falling
inscrutable
not easily understood; mysterious; unfathomable
insolent
boldly rude or disrespectful
internecine
pertaining to a conflict or struggle within a group; mutually destructive
inundate
to overwhelm, as if with a flood
juncture
the act of joining; a place where two things are joined; a critical point in time
lethargy
a state of sluggishness, inactivity, and apathy
levity
lightness in manner or speech, especially when inappropriate
Licentious
sexually unrestrained; lewd
lucrative
profitable
Luddite
a person who is averse to technology or technological progress
Luminary
a person who attained eminence in his or her field; a celestial body sucha s the sun or moon
magnanimous
generous and noble in spirit, understanding and tolerance
malaise
a vague feeling of weakness or discomfort
Malfeasance
misconduct by a public official
Malign
to speak harmful untruths about; to slander; injurious; slanderous
Malinger
to fake an illness to avoid work
Mendacious
someone who lies a lot; false or untrue
Mercenary
a soldier hired into foreign service; motivated by desire for money or material gain
Modicum
a small, moderate amount
Obliterate
to do away with completely; to wipe out or rub off
Ominous
menacing or threatening; foreshadowing evil
Ostensible
apparent; how something appears
Palaver
idle talk or chatter; to talk profusely or idly
Pandemic
widespread; in medicine this refers to a disease prevalent throughout a region
Peccadillo
a minor sin or offense
Penchant
a strong inclination or liking for something
Pernicious
causing insidious harm; injurious; hurtful
perpetuate
to cause to continue indefinitely
Pilfer
to steal a small item or to steal in small quantities
Propensity
an inclination
Rejoinder
an answer, especially to a reply
Render
to cause to be or become; to present for consideration or approval; to provide or make available
Retaliate
to return evil for evil; to pay back an injury in kind
Ruminate
to reflect on over and over
Sagacity
wisdom
Sallow
sickly yellow
Sanguine
cheerfully optimistic; red; the color of blood
Servile
befitting a servant or slave; abjectly submissive
Spectral
ghostly; resembling a ghost
Stint
a length of time spent in a particular way. To restrict or limit in amount or limit in amount or number
Stolid
impassive; revealing litle emotion
Sumptuous
luxurious; lavish; entailing great expense
Supercilious
arrogantly overbearing
Tremulous
timid or fearful
Trenchant
hard-hitting and forceful (often to characterize writing or speech
Ubiquitous
everywhere
Verity
the state of being true
Vermin
destructive animals or insects; loathsome or offensive people
Vindicate
to clear from accusation or suspicion