37 terms

Elements of Music

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Tempo
the speed of the beat
Presto
very fast tempo
Allegro
fast tempo
Moderato
medium tempo
Largo
slow tempo
Accelerando
gradually getting faster
Ritardando
gradually getting slower
Dynamics
the volume of the music; how soft or loud it is
Fortissimo
very loud
Forte
loud
Mezzo forte
medium loud
Mezzo piano
medium soft
Piano
soft
Pianissimo
very soft
Crescendo
getting louder
Decrescendo
getting softer
Articulation
shows how the notes are played
Legato
smooth, connected notes
staccato
short, separated notes
Accented
heavy, emphasized notes
Rhythm
the pattern of sound and rest
Straight
even, goes with the beat
Syncopated
uneven, goes against the beat
Meter
is the way the beat is grouped
Duple
groups of two
Triple
groups of three
Melody
the main tune, the most important part
Harmony
two or more notes played at once
Timbre
the instrument name and its special sound
Texture
how thick or thin the music is
Monophonic
solo, one note at a time
Homophonic
everyone working on the same melody
Polyphonic
everyone playing many different melodies at the same time
Form
the parts of the piece
Binary
two parts or sections
Ternary
three parts sections
Symphony
large orchestral work, 4 contrasting sections