Compare two of something. Add the letters -er. -Example: Clean becomes cleaner
Compare three or more of something and indicate something is the most of that characteristic. Add the letters -est -Example: Clean becomes cleanest
Adjectives ending in y
Change the y to an i before adding -er or -est. -Example: Juicy becomes juicier or juiciest
Form comparative by adding -er and form superlative by adding -est.
Form comparative and superlative in two ways: ~Some add -er and -est ~Others add more and most -Example: Graceful becomes more graceful or most graceful **Some can go both ways-angrier or more angry
Almost always form comparatives and superlatives using modifiers more and most. -Example: beautiful becomes more beautiful *Never add both -er/-est and more or most! **Exceptions: good/better/best bad/worse/worst fun/more fun/most fun
They cannot be compared so you cannot make a comparative or superlative version of them. -Example: Dead=cannot be more dead or most dead
A shortened version of the two words: it is. We call it a contraction. -Example: It's almost time for school.
Shows that something belongs to it -Example: The dog licked its wounds and hobbled home.