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PSY Meehan Chapter 15: Psychological Treatments
Terms in this set (36)
Why are techniques used in psychotherapy not universal?
depends on practitioners training
What do all forms of psychotherapy have in common?
involve interactions between practitioner and client
The _________________ is a major factor when determining psychotherapeutic outcomes.
relation between the therapist and the client
How many psychotherapeutic approaches are available today, according to Kazdin (1994)?
more than 400 approaches
use an variety of techniques that seem appropriate for a given client
Freud's psychoanalytic methodology was based on the assumption that psychological disorders were caused by ________________.
prior experiences (early traumatic)
What is the role of the psychoanalysts when implementing dream analysis?
the therapist would interpret the hidden meaning of the client's dream
What is the general goal of psychoanalysis?
to increase awareness of his unconscious psychological processes and how processed affect daily functioning
What are the two main ingredients of client-centered therapy?
-safe and comforting setting to access true feelings
therapist listens attentively to the client, repeat's clients concern to clarify feelings and further clarification if needed
What is the best-known humanistic therapy and who developed this approach?
client-centered therapy; Carl Rogers
Unconditioned Positive Regard
therapist doesn't direct the client's behavior and pass judgement on his actions or thoughts
Within the context of Carl Rogers' client-centered therapy what is the main focus of the therapist?
establish a good therapeutic relationship between therapists and clients
What are three advantages group therapy has over individual therapy?
-organized by a problem/type of client
-highly instructed/open discussion
each person in a family plays a certain role and interacts with the other members
What are two alternative biological treatments for those who do not respond positively to psychotherapy, medications or a combination of both?
-electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
-transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)
Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS)
treatment that involves passing electrity through electrodes on the brain ton stimulate the brain at certain frequency and intensity
What two mental disorders can be effectively treated using deep brain stimulation?
-obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD)
What are two examples that make the case that some therapeutic treatments can be counterproductive?
-reenacting your own birth
What is the best way to determine whether a psychotherapeutic approach is valid or counterproductive?
-reenacting your own birth
The use of ___________________________ is a hallmark of good research to establish whether a particular treatment is effective.
randomized clinical trials
What are three features that characterize evidence-based psychological treatments, according to Barlow (2004)?
-treatments vary from the disorder to the symptoms
-techniques used in treatments have been developed in the lab by psychologists
-no overall grand theory guide treatment
What are the three types of treatments for obsessive-compulsive disorder?
What are the three types of treatments for depressive disorders?
What are the two types of treatments foe schizophrenia spectrum and other psychotic disorders?
Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT)
form of therapy used to treat borderline personality disorder
What are the four elements that are combined to make up dialectical behavior therapy, according to Lieb, Zanarini, Schmahl, Lineman & Bohus (2004)?
behavior, cognitive, and psychodynamic therapies with a mindfulness approach
Describe the three-phase process of dialectical behavior therapy.
1. large client's most extreme and dysfunctional behaviors
2. help the client explore past traumatic experiences that may be at the root of their emotional problems
3. helps the client develop self-respect and independent problem solving
How many teenagers commit suicide each year in United States?
Why did the FDA, in 2004, require labels on antidepressant packages due to the risk for suicide?
because an report showed that more than 4400 children and adolescents taking SSRIs had suicidal thoughts but actually never committed suicide
What treatment modality had a 71 percent improvement rate in the treatment of adolescent depression, according to TADS (2004)?
SSRI antidepressant and therapy
What is the most common drug (by brand-name) used to treat ADHD?
central nervous system stimulant, like methylphenidate
What are four side effects associated with drugs such as Ritalin that are used to threat ADHD, according to Rapport & Moffatt (2002); Schachter, Pham, King, Langford, & Moher (2001)?
-temporary slowing of growth
Behavior therapy for ADHD is based on principles of what type of learning/conditioning?
operant procedures to reinforce positive behaviors and ignore/punish problem behaviors
Applied Behavioral Analysis
an intense behavior therapy for autism; this treatment is based on operant conditioning
In order for applies behavioral analysis to be effective the young person (suffering from autism) must be in the treatment a minimum of ______ hours per week, according to the Lovaa study (1987).
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Social & Emotional Development