Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Test 3 Clinical terms
Terms in this set (22)
inflammation of the spinal cord
X ray of the spinal cord after injection of a contrast medium
sudden contraction of a muscle or muscle part, usually involving muscles of the limbs. Myoclonal jerks can occur in normal individuals as they are falling asleep; others may be due to diseases of the reticular formation or cerebellum
a less debilitating class of mental illness; examples include severe anxiety, phobias, and obsessive-compulsive behaviors. However, the affected individual retains contact with reality.
a class of severe mental illness in which affected individuals lose touch with reality and exhibit bizarre behaviors. Includes schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and some forms of depression.
reduced ability to feel pain, but without losing consciousness. An analgesia is a pain relieving drug.
difficulty in articulating speech due to motor pathway disorders that result in weakness, uncoordinated motion, or altered respiration or rhythm. For example, lesions of cranial nerves IX, X, and XII result in nasal, breathy speech, and lesions in upper motor pathways produce a hoarse, strained voice.
impaired muscle tone
Nerve conduction studies
diagnostic tests that assess nerve integrity as indicated by their conduction velocities. The nerve is stimulated at one point, activity is recorded at a second point a known distance away, and time is required for the response to reach the recording electrode is measured
sharp spasmlike pain along the course of one or more nerves. May be caused by inflammation or injury to the nerve(s)
an abnormal sensation (burning, numbness, tingling) in the absence of stimuli. Usually caused by a sensory nerve disorder
disease of the peripheral nerves characterized by muscle weakness and atrophy, pain, and numbness. Diabetes is a common cause. Other causes are genetic, other metabolic disorders, infections or inflammation, and toxins
a slowly progressive condition caused by deteriorating dorsal tracts and associated dorsal roots. A late sign of the neurological damage caused by the syphilis bacterium. Because joint proprioceptor tracts are destroyed, affected individuals have poor muscle coordination and an unstable gait. Bacterial invasion of the sensory (dorsal) roots results in pain, which ends when dorsal roots have been completely destroyed.
a condition in which the urinary bladder becomes flaccid and overfills, allowing urine to drip through the sphincters. Results from temporary loss of the micturition reflex following spinal cord injury
a condition due to damage to the superior sympathetic trunk on one side of the body. On the affected side, the upper eyelid droops (ptosis) and the pupil constricts, and the person does not sweat on that side of the head
cutting or severing the vagus nerve to decrease secretion of gastric juice. Treatment for peptic ulcers that do not respond to medication
the most common cause of fainting. Although it may be provoked by emotional stress, pain or dehydration, it typically occurs during prolonged standing. Fainting is due to a drop in blood pressure, which decreases blood flow to the brain
excessive hair growth; usually refers to this phenomenon in women and reflects excessive androgen production
surgical removal of the pituitary gland
the most common type of pituitary gland tumor; evidenced by hypersecretion of prolactin and menstrual disturbances in women
resulting from stress and emotional disorders that suppress hypothalamic release of growth hormone - releasing hormone and thus anterior pituitary secretion of growth hormone
Thyroid storm (thryoid crisis)
a sudden and dangerous increase in all of the manifestations of hyperthyroidism due to excessive amounts of circulating TH. Signs include fever, rapid heart rate, high blood pressure, dehydration, nervousness and tremors. Precipitating factors include severe infection, excessive intake of TH supplements or trauma.
Sets with similar terms
CH 11 TERMS MED-102
Med Term Test 3 (Chap. 4 & 10)
Other sets by this creator
Neurodegenerative conditions plus allens
Ch 15 ADL interventions
Ch 14 psychosocial approaches
Recommended textbook solutions
Clinical Reasoning Cases in Nursing
Julie S Snyder, Mariann M Harding
Pharmacology and the Nursing Process
Julie S Snyder, Linda Lilley, Shelly Collins
The Human Body in Health and Disease
Gary A. Thibodeau, Kevin T. Patton
LearnSmart Personal Health
Other Quizlet sets
Chapter 6, Protein
BCOR 320 Exam II
Hemolytic Anemias and Survival Disorders Learning…