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Old Testament Books

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Pentateuch
5 Books
Genesis
Exodus
Leviticus
Numbers
Deuteronomy
Genesis
Creation, the Fall, the Flood, spread of the nations, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and Joseph. Enslavement in Egypt.
Exodus
Enslavement, Moses, 10 plagues, Passover, Leave Egypt, Red Sea Crossing, Mt. Sinai and the 10 Commandments
Leviticus
Instructions on sacrificial system and the priesthood. Instructions on moral purity.
Numbers
Still at Mt. Sinai, people make false idol, punishment, 40-years wandering begins
Deuteronomy
Moses' discourses on God's Acts for Israel the Decalogue, the ceremonial, civil, and social Laws, and covenant ratification.
Historical Books
12 books
Joshua
Judges
Ruth
(From Samuel to Exile)
1&2 Samuel
1&2 Kings
1&2 Chronicles
(3 Israel's Restoration)
Ezra
Nehemiah
Esther
Joshua
First half of Joshua describes the 7-year conquest of the Land of Promise. The last half deals with partitioning the lands to the people.
Judges
Time of Judges. This was a bad time period. The Israelites did not drive out all the inhabitants of Canaan and began to take part in their idolatry. 7 cycles of foreign oppression, repentance, and deliverance. In the end, the people failed to learn their lesson.
Ruth
Kinsman redeemer in Boaz, redeeming Ruth, a Moabitess. Speaks of righteousness, love, and faithfulness to the Lord.
1 Samuel
Samuel carries Israel from judges to King Saul
2 Samuel
David as King, adultery, and murder.
1 Kings
Solomon, Israel is powerful. Solomon dies, then division of tribes: 10 to the north and 2 to the south.
2 Kings
The Divided Kingdom. All 19 kings of Israel were bad, therefore, captivity in Assyria (722 B.C.). In Judah, 8 of 20 rulers were good but went into exile, too.
1 Chronicles
A recounting of the history of Israel to the time of Solomon.
2 Chronicles
continued recounting of the life of Solomon, building of temple, to the captivity. History of Judah only.
Ezra
Cyrus let most of the Jews return to their land of Israel. Zerubbabel led the people (539 B.C.). Ezra returned later with more Jews (458 B.C.) Built the temple.
Nehemiah
Building the walls of Jerusalem. Nehemiah got permission from the king of Persia to rebuild the walls (444 B.C.). Revival in the land.
Esther
Took place during chapters 6 and 7 of Ezra. Mordecai. Plot to kill the Jewish people.
Poetical
Job
Psalms
Proverbs
Ecclesiastes
Song of Solomon
Job
a righteous man tested by God. Deals with God's sovereignty.
Psalms
Consists of 5 divisions. Worship in song. Large variety of subjects.
Proverbs
Practical wisdom in everyday affairs.
Ecclesiastes
All is vanity. The wisdom of man is futility.
Song of Solomon
A song (between Solomon and his Shulammite bride) displaying the love between a man and a woman.
Prophetical
17 books
(Major Prophets - 5 books)
Isaiah
Jeremiah
Lamentations
Ezekiel
Daniel
(Minor Prophets - 12 books)
Hosea
Joel
Amos
Obadiah
Jonah
Micah
Nahum
Habakkuk
Zephaniah
Haggai
Zechariah
Malachi
Isaiah
Looks at the sin of Judah and proclaims God's judgment. Hezekiah. Coming restoration and blessing.
Jeremiah
Called by God to proclaim the news of judgment to Judah, which came. God establishes a New Covenant.
Lamentations
5 lament poems. Description of defeat and fall of Jerusalem.
Ezekiel
He ministered to the Jews in Captivity in Babylon. Description of the end of times.
Daniel
Many visions of the future for the Gentiles and the Jews.
Hosea
Story of Hosea and his unfaithful wife, Gomer. Represents God's love and faithfulness and Israel's spiritual adultery. Israel will be judged and restored.
Joel
Proclaims a terrifying future using the imagery of locusts. Judgment will come, but blessing will follow.
Amos
He warned Israel of its coming judgment. Israel rejects God's warning.
Obadiah
A proclamation against Edom, a neighboring nation of Israel that gloated over Jerusalem's judgments. Prophecy of its utter destruction.
Jonah
Jonah proclaims a coming judgment upon Nineveh's people, but they repented and judgment was spared.
Micah
Description of the complete moral decay in all levels of Israel. God will judge but will forgive and restore.
Nahum
Nineveh has gone into apostasy (approx. 125 years after Jonah) and will be destroyed.
Habakkuk
Near the end of the kingdom of Judah, Habakkuk asks God why He is not dealing with Judah's sins. God says He will use the Babylonians. Habakkuk asks how God can use a nation that is even worse than Judah.
Zephaniah
The theme is developed of the Day of the Lord and His judgment with a coming blessing. Judah will not repent except for a remnant, which will be restored.
Haggai
The people failed to put God first by building their houses before they finished God's temple. Therefore, they had no prosperity.
Zechariah
Zechariah encourages the Jews to complete the temple. Many messianic prophecies.
Malachi
God's people are lax in their duty to God. Growing distant from God. Moral compromise. Proclamation of coming judgment.